The adjective vi spa- 'all' almost never occurs at the beginning of a verse line in the Gathas
Forming as it does a prelude to the Gathas
themselves in the Avestan liturgy, the Ahuna Vairya prayer is one of the most important mantras in all of Avestan literature.
The geographical side of the argument is based on Boyce's portrait of Old Avestan society reflected in the Gathas
and the Yasna Haptanhati, both entirely Zoroaster's compositions.
In the Avesta five Gathas
are listed, each of which is divided into hads, or sections (chapters), of which there are seventeen.
The Hymns of Zarathustra; Being a Translation of the Gathas
together with Introduction and Commentary, tr.
One should be reminded of the fact that Ahura Mazda in the Gathas
of Zarathushtra and all the Avestan scriptures is never envisaged in any physical form; only He is to be realized in mind.
Every single Jataka consists of the following parts: (a) an introductory story (paccuppannavatthu)--"story of the present time", narrating on what occasion the Buddha related to the monks the story in question, (b) Atitavatthu--"the story of the past"--the core story, the story about one of the experiences about the former births of the Buddha, (c) the Gathas
the stanzas "the story of the past" and also a part of "the story of the present time", (d) short commentary in which the Gathas
are explained literally, and (e)--Samodhana, in which the personages of "the story of the present" are linked with the those of "the story of the past.
Yet, the Buddha continues; if a noble son or daughter were to grasp one of the four-line gathas
in this Dharma teaching, their merit would be immeasurably and infinitely greater.
7) The book he wrote on the subject (1843) was unfortunately based mainly on the Avestan book of Vendidad, whereas later scholars showed that the most authentic teachings of Zoroaster are in the Gathas
214-981-1000; or Shawn Gathas
, Marketing Communications Manager of Synon Corporation, 415-461-5000, ext.
The monks at Plum Village teach that gathas
are to be recited at key moments during the day - when waking up, during meals, while walking or doing common chores.
CONTACT: Charles Copenhaver, American Software, 404-264-5347 or Shawn Gathas
, Synon Corporation, 415-461-5000, extension 1860/