Gatún Lake

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Gatún Lake

(gäto͞on`), artificial lake, 163 sq mi (422 sq km), Colón Prov., Panama, formed by the impounding of the Chagres River. Gatún Dam (completed 1912), 1 1-2 mi (2.4 km) long and 115 ft (35 m) high, controls the level of the lake (c.85 ft/26 m above sea level), which is part of the canal route. Barro Colorado Island, high ground to which animals fled as the basin slowly filled, is a wildlife sanctuary. The lower Chagres valley, now submerged, was first selected as a transisthmian route (for a railroad) in 1848 by John Lloyd Stephens, the American author and traveler.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the old gates, all the freshwater, which comes from Gatun Lake, is flushed out during the locking process.
CANAL FACTS CANAL FACTS | A TRANSIT uses 52 million gallons of water from Gatun Lake, which is replaced by rainfall.
As the Legend exited the upper chamber, she headed out into Gatun Lake which was very much the Americans' brilliant engineering solution.
Each of these new lock complexes will have three consecutive chambers designed to lift vessels from sea level to the level of Gatun Lake and back down again.
This is confirmed by Dodds (1926) from Gatun Lake (Panama), where it was found in shores and ponds, but always in small numbers, except in a very dirty and plant grown pond between Gamboa and Summit, where it was the most abundant species.
I've caught peacocks in Panama's Gatun Lake, where they were accidentally introduced by an aquarist in 1958.
This photograph, taken by Gibbes during her travels in the early 20th century, shows the triple-flight Gatun Locks being built; once complete, they would raise vessels 26 metres to the level of Gatun Lake, itself formed when the Chagres River was dammed during the construction.
Movements of juvenile American crocodiles in Gatun Lake, Panama.
An example is the Gatun lake, in Panama, where the introduction of Cichla ocellaris Bloch and Schneider (1801) was followed by an intense modification in the community's composition and in the structure of the aquatic food web (Zaret and Paine, 1973).
The Island Princess will sail on a 10-day roundtrip itinerary from Fort Lauderdale, which offers a partial Panama Canal transit to Gatun Lake followed by a call in Colon, plus calls in the Caribbean ports of Aruba; Cartagena; Limon, Costa Rica; and Grand Cayman or Ocho Rios.
After the valley had flooded and water rose to full pool, Gatun Lake became the largest manmade lake in the world at about 165 square miles.
The locks operate as water lifts to elevate ships 85 feet above sea level to that of Gatun Lake, which is roughly half-way through the canal.