gauss


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gauss

(gous) [for C. F. GaussGauss, Carl Friedrich
, born Johann Friederich Carl Gauss, 1777–1855, German mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. Gauss was educated at the Caroline College, Brunswick, and the Univ.
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], abbr. G, unit of magnetic flux density (see flux, magneticflux, magnetic,
in physics, term used to describe the total amount of magnetic field in a given region. The term flux was chosen because the power of a magnet seems to "flow" out of the magnet at one pole and return at the other pole in a circulating pattern, as suggested
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) equal to 0.0001 (10−4) weberweber
[for W. E. Weber], abbr. Wb, unit of magnetic flux in the mks system of weights and measures; 1 Wb is equal to 1 volt-second. The weber per square meter, called the tesla [for Nikola Tesla], abbr.
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 per square meter. Since this unit is derived from the cgs systemcgs system,
system of units of measurement based on the metric system and having the centimeter of length, the gram of mass, and the second of time as its fundamental units. Other cgs units are the dyne of force and the erg of work or energy.
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 of units rather than the mks systemmks system,
system of units of measurement based on the metric system and having the meter of length, the kilogram of mass, and the second of time as its fundamental units. Other mks units include the newton of force, the joule of work or energy, and the watt of power.
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, it is largely obsolete. See electric and magnetic unitselectric and magnetic units,
units used to express the magnitudes of various quantities in electricity and magnetism. Three systems of such units, all based on the metric system, are commonly used.
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.

gauss

(gowss) Symbol: G. The c.g.s. (electromagnetic) unit of magnetic flux density. One gauss is equal to 10–4 tesla.

Gauss

 

a unit of magnetic induction in the cgs system of units (Gaussian and cgs emu). It was named in honor of K. Gauss. The abbreviation is G. A gauss is equal to the induction of a homogeneous magnetic field in which a linear conductor 1 cm long placed perpendicular to the induction vector of the field experiences a force of 1 dyne when a current equal to 1 unit of current in the cgs emu system flows through it. The gauss can also be defined as the magnetic induction for which a magnetic flux of 1 maxwell passes through a cross-sectional area of 1 sq cm normal to the lines of the induction. The relationship between the units of magnetic induction in the cgs system and the International System of Units (SI) is: 1 tesla (T) = 104 G. The kilogauss, which is equal to 1,000 G, is still used in practice. Until 1930 the gauss was also called the unit of magnetic field strength, equal to 79.577 amperes per meter. In 1930 the oersted was adopted by the International Technical Commission as the basic unit of magnetic field strength.

gauss

[gau̇s]
(electromagnetism)
Unit of magnetic induction in the electromagnetic and Gaussian systems of units, equal to 1 maxwell per square centimeter, or 10-4 weber per square meter. Also known as abtesla (abt).

gauss

the cgs unit of magnetic flux density; the flux density that will induce an emf of 1 abvolt (10--8 volt) per centimetre in a wire moving across the field at a velocity of 1 centimetre per second. 1 gauss is equivalent to 10--4 tesla

Gauss

Karl Friedrich . 1777--1855, German mathematician: developed the theory of numbers and applied mathematics to astronomy, electricity and magnetism, and geodesy

Gauss

(person)

Gauss

(statistics)
Gaussian distribution.

See normal distribution.

Gauss

(unit)
The unit of magnetic field strength. 1 gauss = 1 Maxwell / cm^2.

A good loudspeaker coil magnet flux density is of the order of 10000 gauss.

Gauss

(language)
A powerful matrix programming language by Aptech Systems. Gauss is very popular with econometricians.

http://rhkoning.xs4all.nl/gauss/index.htm.

gauss

A unit of measurement of magnetic intensity named after Karl F. Gauss (1777-1855), considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. See degauss.
References in periodicals archive ?
About Gauss Surgical Gauss Surgical is a medical technology company based in Los Altos, California that develops novel FDA-grade mobile applications for patient monitoring.
Disclosures: GAUSS was funded by Amgen, which participated in the design and conduct of the study, as well as the collection and management of data.
We saw what certain modules of what Flame did, we saw what Gauss did two months or so ago, and this has enough links with both of them because it comes from the same roots.
Unlike Flame or Gauss, which had high number of infections, the amount of infections for miniFlame is much smaller.
However, several mysteries and unanswered questions about Gauss still remain, the statement said.
According to Kaspersky Lab, around 2,500 Gauss infections had been detected mainly in Lebanon with victims in Israel and Palestine.
All of the modules of Gauss are named after famous mathematicians.
After looking at Stuxnet, Duqu and Flame, we can say with a high degree of certainty that Gauss comes from the same 'factory' or 'factories'," the firm added in its blog post.
Gauss is believed to have been developed last year or in early 2012 and has similarities to the Flame project.
1 gauss, which is less than the Earth's magnetic field, and 200 gauss, which is stronger than a small iron magnet.
As a first step in this direction, in this paper, we study the impact of the Random Waypoint, City Section model, Manhattan and the Gauss Markov mobility models on the OptPathTrans algorithm (algorithm to find the sequence of most stable paths in an ad hoc network) and compare the performance with that of the algorithm to find the sequence of minimum hop paths.
In [9] the notion of finite type was extended to differentiable maps, in particular, to Gauss map of submanifolds.