Thus, in a tender anthropomorphism, the Gemara
imagines God engrossed in prayer.
Laid down in the Hebrew Bible, the Mishnah and the Gemara
, this civilization built on justice unfolds in science.
provides a commentary on these codified laws.
The Mishnah, however, is never studied on its own but rather within the context of ensuing commentary, the Gemara
(the Jerusalem and Babylonian Talmuds), redacted several centuries later.
The Talmud, which is the compilation of Jewish oral law, explains and expounds on the Hebrew Bible and consists of the Mishna and Gemara
There are 4,600 scrolls of tiny, colorful pages of the Gemara
[the rabbincal anaylsis of and commentary on the Mishnah] in it.
That is to say, we Jews include within the broadest understanding of our sacred canon not only the Hebrew Bible (from Bereshith to Divrei Hayamim Bet) but also the Babylonian Talmud, composed of the Mishnah and Gemara
, both the additional halakhic literatures and the midrashic literatures, the Kabbalah literatures, and the Responsa literature of our rabbis down through the ages.
The Talmud, that is the Mishna and the Gemara
, is the record of these investigations, debates, and decisions, and it became the template for further commentaries, the even more elaborate midrashim, which are considered no less worthy of citation by subsequent generations of rabbis and teachers.
Hebrew, the holy language, is written with the letters of a second holy language, Aramaic, which is sufficiently sacred to be the language of parts of the Tanach (the Hebrew Bible), of the Gemara
, and of familiar prayers and songs like Kaddish, Kol Nidrei, and Had Gadya.
asks:] But did not the Shechinah come down to earth?
The practice squad saw the addition of defensive lineman Zach West and defensive back Antwain Spann, the deletion of DB Gemara
Williams and the placement of tight end Jason Rader on injured reserve.
A number of these recipes are concerned with the manipulation of water, and Veltri surmises that the writer of the Babylonian Gemara
, Shlomo ben Shimshon, has sought to protect this Bavli manuscript magically from the flooding besetting Northern Europe at that time (p.