Gemayel


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Gemayel

(zhĕmī`əl), Maronite Christian family active in Lebanese politics; leaders of the Phalange party (1937–82), and later the Phalange militia. Pierre Gemayel, 1905–84, founded the right-wing Phalange movement in the early 1930s. In 1937 he became leader of the official Phalange party, representing Lebanon's large Maronite community. Pierre was elected to parliament in 1960 and was defeated twice (1964, 1970) when he ran for the presidency. He became head of the Phalange militia, which formed as a result of the civil war that erupted (1975) among the many religious and ethnic groups in Lebanon. Bashir Gemayel, 1947–82, Pierre's younger son, was the militant leader of Phalange forces in the late 1970s, and he reinforced Maronite power. In 1980 he assumed control of the Phalange party. Under controversial circumstances, Bashir was elected in Sept., 1982, as Lebanon's next president; less than two weeks later he was assassinated. He was replaced by his older brother, Amin Gemayel, 1942–, a lawyer, businessman, and member of the Lebanese parliament from 1970. Far less radical than the other members of his family and with no real authority, Amin provided weak leadership until his presidential term ended in 1988. With parliament deadlocked over his successor, Gemayel appointed Gen. Michel Aoun interim president, an act that led to two years of warfare and political instability. Subsequently living in exile in France, Gemayel returned to Lebanon in 2000. He ran unsuccessfully for parliament in 2007, seeking to win the seat held by his son Pierre before he was assassinated (2006).

See also LebanonLebanon
, officially Lebanese Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 3,826,000), 4,015 sq mi (10,400 sq km), SW Asia. The country is bordered on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north and east by Syria and on the south by Israel. The capital is Beirut.
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NNA - Former President Amine Gemayel said Saturday that "nine years have passed since the assassination of Martyr Pierre Gemayel and the crime dossier is still void," adding that "the International Tribunal's response is that it is Lebanon's responsibility.
Summary: Newly elected Kataeb Party leader Sami Gemayel said Monday that his party's dialogue with Hezbollah was indispensable, despite the myriad differences between them, and revealed that Muslims were joining his group.
BOSTON, March 26, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- "I have never in my life witnessed Middle East Christians in such extreme danger," Amine Gemayel warned on Wednesday.
Beirut: If a plot targeting Lebanese community leaders proves to be true, the country needs to reevaluate its security agreement with Syria, Ameen Gemayel, leader of the Phalange Party and former Lebanese President said on Monday in a press conference.
Following the caustic war of words between Hizbullah MP Nawwaf al-Moussawi and Phalange MP Sami Gemayel on Wednesday, Moussawi took the initiative and apologized for insulting his Christian rival.
11 that the right-wing Christian Phalange Party, led by former President Amin Gemayel, is still incapable of ridding itself of the struggle for power and the long-time ruling of the Gemayel family, which has put the party in the hands of one clan.
14, 1982 murder of then Lebanese President-elect Bashir Gemayel, his son and March 14 MP Nadim Gemayel on Sept.
Gemayel said an attempt at forging election results by the Armenian Tashnag Party had been detected, adding that "the dead and those residing abroad" had voted in Bourj Hammoud.
Pierre Gemayel, a cabinet member in the pro-Western government of Fouad Siniora, was shot and killed by three gunmen who rammed his car in a Christian neighbourhood of Beirut.
The assassination of Pierre Gemayel, an anti-Syrian politician and figurehead of Lebanon's most prominent Christian fa mily, has deepened divisions in the war-torn country at a time when Hezbollah and other parties allied with Syria are planning a massive wave of street protests aimed at toppling Prime Minister Fuad Saniora's government unless it is changes to give them more power.
That's according to former Lebanese President Amin Gemayel who claims that he and ``Don'' are not just old buddies who occasionally share dinner at Rumsfeld's house, but that they actually have a close relationship which dates back to the 1980s when Gemayel was president of Lebanon and Rumsfeld was serving in the Reagan administration.
Gemayel says he returned after assurances from the government of Pres.