Gemayel

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Gemayel

(zhĕmī`əl), Maronite Christian family active in Lebanese politics; leaders of the Phalange party (1937–82), and later the Phalange militia. Pierre Gemayel, 1905–84, founded the right-wing Phalange movement in the early 1930s. In 1937 he became leader of the official Phalange party, representing Lebanon's large Maronite community. Pierre was elected to parliament in 1960 and was defeated twice (1964, 1970) when he ran for the presidency. He became head of the Phalange militia, which formed as a result of the civil war that erupted (1975) among the many religious and ethnic groups in Lebanon. Bashir Gemayel, 1947–82, Pierre's younger son, was the militant leader of Phalange forces in the late 1970s, and he reinforced Maronite power. In 1980 he assumed control of the Phalange party. Under controversial circumstances, Bashir was elected in Sept., 1982, as Lebanon's next president; less than two weeks later he was assassinated. He was replaced by his older brother, Amin Gemayel, 1942–, a lawyer, businessman, and member of the Lebanese parliament from 1970. Far less radical than the other members of his family and with no real authority, Amin provided weak leadership until his presidential term ended in 1988. With parliament deadlocked over his successor, Gemayel appointed Gen. Michel Aoun interim president, an act that led to two years of warfare and political instability. Subsequently living in exile in France, Gemayel returned to Lebanon in 2000. He ran unsuccessfully for parliament in 2007, seeking to win the seat held by his son Pierre before he was assassinated (2006).

See also LebanonLebanon
, officially Lebanese Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 3,826,000), 4,015 sq mi (10,400 sq km), SW Asia. The country is bordered on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north and east by Syria and on the south by Israel. The capital is Beirut.
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I ask everyone, starting with the Gemayel family and the Kataeb Party up until March 14 not to give up on the search for the offender," Mahfoud said.
A crowd of political officials and prominent figures also attended the mass service alongside the Gemayel family members.
11 that the right-wing Christian Phalange Party, led by former President Amin Gemayel, is still incapable of ridding itself of the struggle for power and the long-time ruling of the Gemayel family, which has put the party in the hands of one clan.
Bikfaya is the hometown of the Gemayel family, founders of the Phalange Party.
Another voter who did not want his name published said: "I always vote for the Gemayel family, let Qanso and the others go and vote in the Bekaa," a reference to the Syrian Social Nationalist Party leader.
This latest assassination to scar the Gemayel family - Gemayel's uncle, Bashir, was also killed - occurred in broad daylight, in a brazen attack even for a country weary of political killings.
Chartouni also said that the Gemayel family has had relations with Israel since 1950s and that the Kataeb Party was heavily paying the price of its acts during the 1975-90 Civil War.
Kataeb Political Party and the Gemayel Family commemorated today 3 years since the assassination of late Minister and Deputy, Pierre Gemayel, in a memorial mass service held at the new St.
The source added, however, that adequate security measures were taken to ensure the safety and well being of the Gemayel family.
The Gemayel family, Maronite Christians, had a lot to do with the creation of Lebanon's old landscape, a place where Christians and Muslims coexisted and business flourished while the taxman looked the other way.
In addition to the Gemayel family, representatives of the three top officials, as well as Interior Minister Ziyad Baroud and Lebanese Forces boss Samir Geagea attended the memorial.