General Assembly of the United Nations

General Assembly of the United Nations

 

one of the chief organs of the United Nations. According to Article 9, Point 1 of the UN Charter, the General Assembly consists of all states that are members of the United Nations. It is empowered to discuss any questions or matters within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any organ established by the Charter. With a few exceptions, it may make recommendations to the members of the UN or the UN Security Council on any such questions or matters. In particular, the General Assembly has the power to consider general principles of cooperation in matters of maintaining international peace and security (including principles determining disarmament and regulating armament). It may also discuss any questions relating to the maintenance of international peace and security. The powers of the UN General Assembly are limited with respect to the special functions and powers of the Security Council, to which the members of the UN have assigned the chief responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Any question on the maintenance of international peace and security on which actions have to be taken is referred by the UN General Assembly to the Security Council either before or after its discussion (UN Charter, Article 11).

As a rule the decisions of the UN General Assembly have the character of recommendations; that is, they are not legally binding on the members. However, on a number of questions relating to the internal affairs of the UN, the assembly’s decisions are mandatory—for example, admission to and exclusion from UN membership, the election of non-permanent members of the Security Council and the election of the International Court of Justice, and the appointment of the secretary-general of the UN. (Some decisions on these questions are adopted with the participation of the Security Council.) Decisions of the UN General Assembly are adopted by a majority of the votes of the UN members present and participating in the voting. (UN members abstaining from the vote are considered nonparticipants in the vote.) Decisions on important questions are adopted by a two-thirds majority of the members present and participating in the vote.

The UN General Assembly meets every year for regular sessions; emergency and special sessions are held as the need arises. Every member state of the UN may be represented in the session by five delegates (and five of their deputies), and each member state has one vote. Regular sessions open, as a rule, on the third Tuesday of September. As of Jan. 1, 1971, there had been 25 regular, five special, and five emergency special sessions of the UN General Assembly.

To discharge its functions the UN General Assembly has seven main committees, which essentially consider most of the points on the agenda of the UN General Assembly. The committees include the First Committee (political questions and security, including disarmament), the Special Political Committee (the same questions), the Second Committee (economic and financial questions), and the Third Committee (social, humanitarian, and cultural questions). In addition, there is the Fourth Committee (trusteeship and non-self-governing territories), the Fifth Committee (administrative and budgetary questions), and the Sixth Committee (legal questions). To coordinate the work of these committees the General Committee is formed at each session. It consists of the president of the assembly, the 17 vice-presidents, and the chairmen of the seven main committees. The Credentials Committee, consisting of nine members, is formed at each session. There are also two permanent committees, the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions and the Committee on Contributions. The members of these committees are elected by the UN General Assembly for three years. In addition, special committees and commissions are often formed—for instance, the Special Committee on the Situation With Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on Granting Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, and the Commission on International Law.

Since 1964 there have been special organs of the UN General Assembly with the status of autonomous international organizations: the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD, established in 1964), the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO, established in 1965), and the Capital Development Fund, established in 1966.

E. S. PCHELINTSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Muscat, Oct 19 (ONA) The GCC Statistical Center in Muscat will mark tomorrow (Tuesday) the World Statistics Day, which falls on October 20th, the day adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations at its regular 69thsession, which was held on June 3rd, 2015 in New York City, under the theme "Better data.
He opines adopting such a decision following the 70th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations is a recurrent attempt to destabilize the global situation, to increase tension, to prolong hostilities .
He said during a meeting with Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations for Humanitarian Affairs Stephen O'Brien on the sidelines of meetings of the General Assembly of the United Nations, according to a Foreign Ministry statement, "We look forward to cooperate with you and work together to alleviate the humanitarian suffering of the displaced people and migrants because of the terrorist organization Daash" calling for a humanitarian deal with them and take practical steps to help them .
This came in a statement delivered on behalf of the State of Qatar by its Assistant Foreign Minister for International Cooperation Shaikh Mohammad bin Abdulrahman Al -Thani, at the sixth ministerial meeting of the Global Forum for combating terrorism, in New York on the sidelines of the 70th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
The Press Office of the Prime Minister announced earlier during the day that al-Abadi headed to New York with a ministerial delegation to attend the meetings of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
24, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Tomorrow, Pope Francis will address the General Assembly of the United Nations.
Melanie appeared before the General Assembly of the United Nations, where she was invited back on many occasions.
Italy has already voted in favour on November 29, 2012 in the General Assembly of the United Nations.
PAM is a regional interstate organization, an Observer at the General Assembly of the United Nations and with a specific international juridical status.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Spain's Ambassador to Turkey Rafael Mendivil Peydro has denied the reports of Spain abadoning its position as co-sponsor of the Alliance of Civilizations, an initiative proposed and adopted by former Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero during a session of the General Assembly of the United Nations in 2005.
The Egyptian ambassador representing Egypt at the conference confirmed that Egypt has supported the "goals of nuclear disarmament," since the issuance of the first resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
30 (Saba) - Foreign Minister Jamal al-Salal has met in New York with Foreign Minister of New Zealand Murray McCully ,on the sidelines of the General Assembly of the United Nations.

Full browser ?