Vo Nguyen Giap

(redirected from General Giap)

Vo Nguyen Giap:

see Giap, Vo NguyenGiap, Vo Nguyen
, 1911–2013, Vietnamese military leader and government official whose strategies helped drive the forces of Japan, France, and the United States from Vietnam.
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.

Giap, Vo Nguyen

(vô nəwē`ĕn zhäp), 1911–2013, Vietnamese military leader and government official whose strategies helped drive the forces of Japan, France, and the United States from Vietnam. A nationalist teacher and journalist with no formal military training, he joined the Vietnamese Communist party in the 1930s, later joining (1940) Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh
, 1890–1969, Vietnamese nationalist leader, president of North Vietnam (1954–69), and one of the most influential political leaders of the 20th cent. His given name was Nguyen That Thanh. In 1911 he left Vietnam, working aboard a French liner.
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 in China. Giap subsequently returned to Vietnam and helped to organize the Viet MinhViet Minh
, officially Viet Nam Doc Lap Dong Minh [League for the Independence of Vietnam], a coalition of Communist and nationalist groups that opposed the French and the Japanese during World War II.
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 forces, fighting to oust the Japanese in World War II and the French after the war and becoming commander of the Viet Minh and defense minister. A master of guerrilla warfare, he was credited with the defeat of the French at DienbienphuDienbienphu
or Dien Bien Phu
, former French military base, N Vietnam, near the Laos border. It was the scene in 1954 of the last great battle between the French and the Viet Minh forces of Ho Chi Minh in Indochina. The French occupied the base by parachute drop in Nov.
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 (1954), which essentially ended French colonial rule in Vietnam. After the political division of Vietnam (1954), he directed the strategy of the North in the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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, notably the costly Tet offensiveTet offensive,
1968, a series of crucial battles in the Vietnam War. On Jan. 31, 1968, the first day of the celebration of the lunar new year, Vietnam's most important holiday, the Vietnamese Communists launched a major offensive throughout South Vietnam. It took weeks for U.S.
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 (1968), leading to a stalemate with the United States, the withdrawal of American troops, and ultimately to the reunification of Vietnam. Removed as commander in chief in 1973, Giap retained the position of minister of defense, overseeing the fall of Saigon (1975) and the defeat of the Khmer RougeKhmer Rouge
, name given to native Cambodian Communists. Khmer Rouge soldiers, aided by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, began a large-scale insurgency against government forces in 1970, quickly gaining control over more than two thirds of the country.
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 in Cambodia (1979). Deputy prime minister from 1976, Giap was removed as defense minister in 1980 and dropped from the politburo in 1982; he remained deputy prime minister until 1991.

Bibliography

See his Military Art of People's War: Selected Writings, ed. by R. Stetler (1970) and How We Won the War (1976); R. J. O'Neill, General Giap (1969); P. G, Macdonald, Giap: The Victor in Vietnam (1993); C. B. Currey, Victory at Any Cost (1997).

Vo Nguyen Giap

 

Born Jan. 3, 1911, in the province of Quang Binh, North Vietnam. Political and military figure in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

Giap was trained as a history teacher. From his youth he participated in the national liberation movement. Beginning in 1930, he was a member of the Vietnamese Workers’ Party (until 1951, the Communist Party of Indochina). He was one of the creators of the People’s Army of Vietnam in 1944. He had an active part in the August Revolution of 1945 in Vietnam, was a member of the National Committee for the Liberation of Vietnam, and was minister of internal affairs in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. In 1946 he became minister of national defense, and in 1947 he became commander in chief of the People’s Army of Vietnam. From 1955 on he has simultaneously served as deputy premier. He has been a member of the Central Committee (since 1945) and of the Politburo (since 1951) of the Central Committee of the Vietnamese Workers’ Party.

References in periodicals archive ?
General Giap beats his former enemies such as Republic of Vietnam Major General (Airforce) Nguyen Cao Ky who died aged 80 in July 2011 and the more talented (Four-Star) General Cao Van Vien who died in 2008 aged 86.
The death this week of Vietnamese national hero General Giap reminded many that one of the defining conflicts of the latter twentieth century raged through Vietnam for some 25 years with consequences that continue to shape power relations even today.
Au cours de l'audience, le vice-ministre de la Defense nationale a fait un compte rendu au president de la Republique sur les activites de la delegation politique et militaire algerienne, chargee par le chef de l'Etat d'assister aux obseques du general Giap qui se sont deroulees samedi dernier a Hanoi (Vietnam).
GENERAL GIAP DIES: Hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese lined the streets Sunday for the funeral of independence hero General Vo Nguyen Giap, who orchestrated the country's stunning wartime victories over France and the United States.
General Giap is survived by Dang Bich Ha, his wife since 1949, and four children.
General Giap, the son of a peasant scholar, stood tall in both wars, only bowing down to the resolve of his people.
Vietnam's legendary General Giap died Friday at the age of 102.
Research had entailed a month long trip to Viet Nam, an interview with General Giap and others there who had known him, study at Douglas Pike's Indochina Archive, then housed at the University, of California in Berkeley (but after his death transferred to Texas Tech), and reading everything I could find that had been written about Giap.
bombing campaigns called Linebacker I and II prevented General Giap from launching a full-scale conventional assault on the south.
General Giap, later known as a military genius, famously led his forces to victory over the French at Dien Bien Phu and then over South Vietnam and the West in the Vietnam War.
NVA General Giap devised a three-pronged attack into South Vietnam.
General Giap is responsible for two memoirs; whether he actually wrote either of them personally is a matter for literary discussion.

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