Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from General Pervez Musharraf)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted (2016) in a case involving the 2006 killing of a Baluch rebel leader, and declared (2017) a fugitive in the Bhutto case. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: Multan [Pakistan], Feb 4 (ANI): Pakistani Interior Minister Ahsan Iqbal asserted that he will consider the Supreme Court an independent body after it will issue the arrest orders for former president retired General Pervez Musharraf.
23 least known political parties had forged an alliance nominating the former military dictator, General Pervez Musharraf, as their chief.
This act is unconstitutional as APML led by General Pervez Musharraf is a registered party in Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP).
General Pervez Musharraf on the eve of Defence of Pakistran Day special message has said that army is guarantor of defence of Pakistan.
Meantime, talking to a news channel, the MQM leader Saleem Shehzad said that a broader consensus was going to be reached over the leadership of former President General Pervez Musharraf to become President of a single party after the merger of MQM-Pakistan and Pak Sarzameen Party (PSP).
The government of Pakistan is trying to 'cool down' the infuriated opposition by assuring it of bringing back former president retired General Pervez Musharraf from abroad through Interpol.
Former president and (retired) General Pervez Musharraf will be leading Pakistan first non-political initiative "The Pakistan First Initiative" (PFI), a civil society forum, which was inaugurated by General Pervez Musharraf as its Patron, last week.
KARACHI (TAP) - Pakistan General Pervez Musharraf was acquitted on Monday of the murder of a separatist leader in 2006, removing one of several cases against him.
FORMER Pakistan president General Pervez Musharraf, who is facing trial for treason, is suffering from low heart rate but his cardiovascular and respiratory system has revealed no abnormality, his medical report says.
AFP- Pakistanannounced Sunday it would put former military ruler General Pervez Musharraf on trial for treason, punishable by death or life imprisonment, for imposing emergency rule in 2007.
Islamabad: Pakistan announced on Sunday it would put former military ruler General Pervez Musharraf on trial for treason, punishable by death or life imprisonment, for imposing emergency rule in 2007.
L'ancien president pakistanais, le general Pervez Musharraf, actuellement en residence surveillee, sera juge pour haute trahison.

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