Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from General Pervez Musharraf)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted in one case in 2016. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
The dossier was discovered by a member of the public who handed it to the Daily Mirror newspaper which said it revealed security arrangements for President General Pervez Musharraf.
PAKISTAN'S president General Pervez Musharraf said last night that the world was a more dangerous place because military action had done nothing to tackle the causes of terrorism.
After talks in Islamabad yesterday, an EU delegation and Pakistan's president, General Pervez Musharraf, issued a statement saying the international community must not waver from its consensus on Afghanistan's future.
American officials made a presentation of evidence to Pakistani President General Pervez Musharraf earlier this week.
Karachi -- A division bench of thre Sindh High Court (SHC) on Thursday allowed former military dictator General Pervez Musharraf to go abroad for medical treatment.
30 ( ANI ): Pakistan's former President General Pervez Musharraf has denounced treason charges against him as a "vendetta", saying that he had the backing of the country's powerful army.
Nisar Ali Khan clarified that name of retired General Pervez Musharraf was on Exit Control List (ECL) and would remain on the list until asked for removal by the highest court.
POLICE chiefs ordered a ring of steel around the world's No3 terror target General Pervez Musharraf after top secret files on his UK visit were found in a London street.
GENERAL Pervez Musharraf will be Pakistan's president for another five years after a controversial referendum that a human rights commission described as a ``humiliating fraud''.
Pakistan President General Pervez Musharraf has banned terrorist activities on his country's territory and outlawed two Kashmiri groups accused by India of last month's attack on its parliament in a bid to defuse the border crisis.
THE foreign Secretary, Jack Straw, was today holding talks in Islamabad with Pakistani President General Pervez Musharraf, a key figure in the process of stabilising Afghanistan once the Taliban have been swept from power.
General Pervez Musharraf travels to Europe and America to meet leaders of the coalition against terrorism knowing his stand could cost him power.

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