Than Shwe

(redirected from General Than Shwe)

Than Shwe

(thän shwā), 1933–, Burmese soldier and military dictator of Myanmar. He joined the army in 1953, attended training school, and became a commissioned officer. In 1963 he was named an instructor in the ideological training school operated by the Burmese Socialist Program party, the nation's only political party. Rising in the army ranks, he became (1980) commander of an infantry division and (1983) head of a regional command. Promoted (1985) to major general, he was an important figure in the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC; since 1997 the State Peace and Development Council, SPDC), the umbrella organization of the military junta that seized control of the government after the resignation (1988) of Ne WinNe Win, U
, 1911–2002, Burmese soldier and political leader. He abandoned his original name, Shu Maung, in 1941 when he joined a Japanese-supported nationalist military group. Becoming commander of the Burmese Independence Army in 1943, he later turned against the Japanese.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Than Shwe was promoted to full general in 1990, and in 1992 he became chairman of SLORC (and thus leader of the ruling junta) and prime minister. After coming to power, he released a number of political prisoners and instituted several reforms, but none led to a more democratic government, and repression continued. He stepped down as prime minister in 2003 but continued as SPDC chairman and armed forces commander until Thein SeinThein Sein
, 1945–, Burmese general and political leader. A graduate of the Defense Services Academy, he commanded an infantry battalion and later served under strongman Than Shwe when he was military commander-in-chief.
..... Click the link for more information.
's government took office in 2011. Than Shwe was nonetheless believed to remain very influential, reportedly as head of the extraconstitutional State Supreme Council.
References in periodicals archive ?
General Than Shwe, the strongman leader of the junta for nearly two decades, has more to worry about than most.
In 2009, Tin Aung Myint Oo was appointed military advisor to Senior General Than Shwe, then SPDC chairman.
Senior General Than Shwe, chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, was not named president.
The charismatic leader of Myanmar s fight against military dictatorship remained in her crumbling lakeside home, despite rumours paramount leader Senior General Than Shwe had approved an order to free his arch enemy from seven years of house arrest.
She said her message to junta leader General Than Shwe was: "Let's speak to each other.
For all practical purposes, therefore, she was elected the Prime Minister of Burma in 1990, but had been in detention since then in a country run by a gang of military dictators led by General Than Shwe, his deputy General Maung Aye and Prime Minister General Thein Sein.
Reports quoted government insiders, state officials and well-connected sources as saying Senior General Than Shwe, Myanmar's military ruler, had signed an order for her release.
Closely aligned with supreme leader Senior General Than Shwe, it is top-heavy with recently retired generals.
There were conflicting reports about whether the top two junta leaders - Senior General Than Shwe and his second-in-command, General Maung Aye - also stepped down from the military while retaining their respective posts as the junta's chairman and vice chairman.
The expansion of counter-terror cooperation topped the agenda of talks held between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and General Than Shwe, the head of the State Peace and Development Council.
Visiting Myanmar Senior General Than Shwe was showered with millions of dollars in aid, promises of railway projects and gas exploration talks, besides a family visit to Sarnath, a Buddhist pilgrimage center near Varanasi in India.
Summary: New Delhi/Yangon, July 25, 2010, SPA -- Myanmar&'s junta chief Senior General Than Shwe on Sunday began a five-day visit to India amid protests and criticism from human rights groups and Myanmar exiles, according to dpa.

Full browser ?