Hideki Tojo

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Tojo, Hideki

(hēdā`kē tō`jō), 1884–1948, Japanese general and statesman. He became prime minister after he forced Konoye's resignation in Oct., 1941. His accession marked the final triumph of the military faction which advocated war with the United States and Great Britain. As the most powerful leader in the government during World War II, he approved the attack on Pearl Harbor and pushed the Japanese offensive in China, SE Asia, and the Pacific. His military coordination with Nazi Germany was weakened by mutual mistrust and divergent Russian policies. At home, the Japanese government asserted totalitarian control. Tojo resigned in July, 1944, after the loss of Saipan in the Marianas. In Apr., 1945, he recommended that the war be fought to a finish. He attempted suicide in Sept., 1945, but he was arrested by the Allies as a war criminal, tried, convicted, and executed.

Bibliography

See R. J. C. Butow, Tojo and the Coming of the War (1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, General Tojo, the wartime prime minister, told the judges during the Tokyo Trials in 194648 that it was "inconceivable" for top civilian and military officials to take action that went against the wishes of the emperor.
So did General Tojo, and Stalin, and Mao Tse-Tung, and other blood-thirsty tyrants in the world.
Perhaps they think the Japanese wartime leader General Tojo was Dorothy's dog in the Wizard of Oz.
Documents recently released by the National Archives of Japan revealed that their war leader General Tojo was eager to continue the fight even after the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
But to his family General Tojo, Japan's Prime Minister at the time of Peal Harbour, was a great militarist who has been misunderstood by historians.
Subjects of the initial run of nine programmes will include Dian Fossey of Gorillas in the Mist fame and General Tojo the Japanese Prime Minister during the Second World War.
The alternative San Francisco Bay Guardian printed the column, which compared President Bush with General Tojo, who ordered the bombing of Pearl Harbor in World War II.

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