General Union of Workers

General Union of Workers

 

(Unión General de Trabajadores), a Spanish trade-union association affiliated with the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party. The General Union of Workers was established at a founding congress on Aug. 14-18, 1888, in Barcelona. The membership of the UGT rose from more than 15,000 in 1899 to more than 120,000 in 1914. The membership was about 500,000 in 1935 and about 2 million during the National Revolutionary War of 1936-39.

The General Union of Workers played an important role in rallying the toiling people and in organizing the struggle for the eight-hour day, equal pay for equal work, social legislation, and other demands. In August 1917 it led a general political strike. From 1923 to 1929 the reformist leadership of the union collaborated with the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. However, as early as 1930 the General Union of Workers participated in the activity of the antimonarchist opposition, and it contributed to the establishment of the Republic in 1931.

In 1934 a left wing was formed in the union, advocating united action with the Communist Party against fascism. During the National Revolutionary War of 1936-39 the General Union of Workers participated in the Popular Front; in 1938 it signed a pact with the National Confederation of Labor on united action for the organization and management of the industry of the Spanish Republic. After the establishment of Franco’s dictatorship in 1939, the General Union of Workers was suppressed. In France the union leaders set up the General Union of Workers in Emigration, which is affiliated with the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions.

J. GARCIA

References in periodicals archive ?
Other agreements are the Public Authority for Craft Industries (PACI), the Oman Establishment for Press, Publishing and Advertising (OEPPA), and the General Union of Workers of the Sultanate of Oman.
Muscat: Mohammed bin Abdullah Al Riyami, Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) met on Tuesday Nabhan bin Ahmed Al Battashi, the head of the General Union of Workers of the Sultanate.
It is worth mentioning that the Minister of Manpower has already issued a ministerial decision to establish social dialogue committee under his chairmanship and membership of the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Manpower for Labour Affairs (Deputy Chairman), Saleh bin A'yil al-A'mri, the Minister's Advisor for Labour Care, the Director-General of the Directorate General of Labour Care, in addition to some officials of the Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry and officials from the General Union of Workers of the Sultanate of Oman.
The strikers also demanded better wages due to skyrocketing prices and as per the negotiations between the Ministry of Manpower, the General Union of Workers of the Sultanate and the company.
Organized by Portugal's main workers' union CGTP and UGT or General Union of Workers, the teachers came from kindergartens, elementary and high schools across Portugal, Xinhua reported.
The Arbitration Committee headed by a judge includes a representative of the Minister to be selected by him, a representative of the Qatar Chamber of Commerce and Industry to be selected by its chairman and a representative of the workers to be selected by the Qatar General Union of Workers.
Mohammed Al-Jadari, head of the General Union of Workers Syndicate was also in attendance.
The International Federation of Building and Wood Workers (IFBWW) approved membership of the General Union of Workers in Construction in the FederationAAEs executive and world councils.
President of the General Union of Workers in Construction Mahmoud Hiyari said the union received the letter of approval after elections that were held during a meeting of federation in the French city of Lille last December to elect secretary general, president and members of the two councils.
25, 2009 (TAP) - Secretary-general of Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT) and of the Union of Arab Maghreb Labourers Trade Unions (USTMA) Abdesselam Jrad met, in Algiers, the labour, employment and social solidarity minister and secretary-general of Algeria's General Union of Workers.
Summary: The General Secretary of the General union of Producers met in Tripoli with the head of the General Union of Workers of Kuwait and his accompanying delegation who is visiting the Libya these days.
It is worth mentioning that the Minister of Manpower has already issued a ministerial decision to establish social dialogue committee under his chairmanship and membership of the Under-Secretary of the Ministry of Manpower for Labour Affairs (Deputy Chairman), Saleh bin Ayil al Amri, Minister s Adviser for Labour Care, the Director-General of the Directorate-General of Labour Care, in addition to some officials of the Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry and officials from the General Union of Workers of the Sultanate of Oman.

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