James Wolfe

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Wolfe, James,

1727–59, British soldier. After a distinguished record in European campaigns, he was made (1758) second in command to Jeffery Amherst in the last of the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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. Through his skillful siege operations, he became a hero of the capture of Louisburg (1758) from the French, and he was rewarded with the command of an expedition against the French at Quebec, which he himself had urged. After frontal attacks on the positions of General MontcalmMontcalm, Louis Joseph de
, 1712–59, French general. His name in fuller form was Louis Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon, marquis de Saint-Véran. A veteran of the War of the Polish Succession and the War of the Austrian Succession, he was sent (1756) to defend Canada in the
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 at Quebec had failed, Wolfe took 5,000 men in boats down the St. Lawrence by night and forced an open battle with the French on the Plains of AbrahamAbraham, Plains of,
fairly level field adjoining the upper part of the city of Quebec, Canada. There, in 1759, the English under Gen. James Wolfe defeated the French under Gen. Louis Montcalm.
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 (Sept. 13, 1759). The British were victorious, but both Wolfe and Montcalm were killed. The battle was decisive in the fall of New France to the British. Wolfe is vividly portrayed in Thackeray's Virginians.

Bibliography

See biographies by C. Hibbert (1959) and D. R. Robin (1960); F. Parkman, Montcalm and Wolfe (1884); R. Howard, Wolfe at Quebec (1965).

References in periodicals archive ?
How old was General James Wolfe when he was first commissioned?
1759: The British under General James Wolfe won the Battle of Quebec - but Wolfe (pictured) was shot and died in the fighting.
A donated painting and statuette, both representing General James Wolfe, were installed to complement the ROM's epic painting The Death of General Wolfe (1776), by Benjamin West.
He tried to deflate political rhetoric around Sunday's show on the Plains of Abraham, site of the pivotal 1759 battle between British General James Wolfe and France's Marquis Louis-Joseph de Montcalm.
Paths of Glory: the Life and Death of General James Wolfe Stephen Brumwell McGill-Queen's University Press 406 pages, hardcover ISBN 9780773532618
Paths of Glory: The Life and Death of General James Wolfe is the first full-length biography published in half a century of Major General James Wolfe, a British military hero whose decisive 1759 victory against the French, on the Plains of Abraham before Quebec, ensured that English would become the dominant language of North America.
The following day we took the train from Charing Cross to Seven Oaks and from there a short taxi ride to Quebec House in Westerhaven, the home in which General James Wolfe was born.
Numerous French and English military leaders, including the Marquis de Montcalm and Brigadier General James Wolfe, struck down within minutes of each other on the Plains of Abraham in front of Quebec, are also effectively portrayed.
Meanwhile, Les Habitants can't stop General James Wolfe, who leads the British army to a stunning victory on the Plains of Abraham.
British forces of about 4,500 were under the command of General James Wolfe.
So the British sent a large contingent of soldiers under the command of General James Wolfe to take it.
anuary 2, 1727: Birth of General James Wolfe, who captured Quebec from the French.

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