Genetic Information


Also found in: Medical.

Genetic Information

 

information about the composition, structure, and nature of the exchange of substances constituting the organism (chiefly proteins and nucleic acids) and related functions that is contained in the hereditary structures of organisms (in the chromosomes, cytoplasm, cell organelles) and that is obtained from ancestors in the form of genes. In multicellular organisms with sexual reproduction, genetic information is transmitted from generation to generation through the sex cells or gametes, whose only function is to transmit and store genetic information. Microorganisms and viruses have special types of transmission of genetic information (such as transduction and transformation). Genetic information is contained chiefly in the chromosomes, where it is coded in a definite linear sequence of nucleotides in molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Genetic information is realized in the course of ontogeny—development of the individual—by the transmission of genetic information from gene to character. All cells arise as a result of the division of a single original cell, the zygote, and therefore have the same set of genes and potentially the same genetic information. The specificity of the cells of different tissues is due to the fact that different genes are active in them, that is, all the genetic information is not realized, only the part required for the particular tissue to function.

IU. S. DEMIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Paradoxically, even in the absence of direct access to genetic test results, sensitive genetic information is likely to surface.
In a recent court decision, however, instinct and common sense gave way to a federal statute called the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act.
Curated by Genetic Alliance, the website explains your child's rights under the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) of 2008.
Specialists at the Freeman Hospital are using genetic information from those diagnosed with cystinuria - an extreme and hereditary form of kidney stones.
As the era of personalized medicine dawns on healthcare, the need to understand an individual s genetic information through genomic testing has risen.
24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- As the era of personalized medicine dawns on healthcare, the need to understand an individual's genetic information through genomic testing has risen.
citing the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA).
While the name GINA might sound like that of a coworker, it is actually an acronym for the Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act, a body of law that protects employees and candidates against discrimination in employment and harassment in the workplace.
She never for one minute considered the possibility that this genetic information could be used against her.
Congress enacted the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) to prohibit employers and group health insurance providers from discriminating against individuals on the basis of genetic information.
Much like Prince Harry and President Clinton in the United Kingdom a decade earlier, Americans have little, if any, recourse against unscrupulous testing and use of their genetic information.