Geneva Conventions

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Geneva Conventions,

series of treaties signed (1864–1949) in Geneva, Switzerland, providing for humane treatment of combatants and civilians in wartime. The first convention, signed by 16 nations, covered the protection of sick and wounded soldiers and medical personnel and facilities, and was instrumental in the development of the International Committee of the Red CrossRed Cross,
international organization concerned with the alleviation of human suffering and the promotion of public health; the world-recognized symbols of mercy and absolute neutrality are the Red Cross, the Red Crescent, and the Red Crystal flags and emblems.
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. Later conventions extended (1906) the first to naval warfare and covered (1929) the treatment of prisoners of warprisoner of war,
in international law, person captured by a belligerent while fighting in the military. International law includes rules on the treatment of prisoners of war but extends protection only to combatants.
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. As a result of World War II, particularly of the conduct of Germany and Japan, four conventions were adopted in 1949 to strengthen and codify earlier treaties and safeguard civilians. Amendments have since been made through additional protocols.
References in periodicals archive ?
Efforts have been made to pinpoint Geneva Convention and other treaty rules relevant to these private war scenarios, but they haven't been satisfactory because the international legal system has assimilated only interstate and internal armed conflict.
The term "unlawful combatants" is not a part of the Geneva Conventions.
I would hope the US will actually agree to set up a tribunal as required by Article 5 of the Geneva Convention to determine case by case whether each detainee is entitled to PoW status.
We are threatening the integrity of not only the Third Geneva Convention on prisoners of war but the entire Geneva Conventions structure.
What impact, if any, this will ultimately have on Geneva Convention cards remains to be seen.
civilians deprived of their freedom as a precaution for security reasons), by the Fourth Geneva Convention on the protection of civilians in wartime (for instance, Iraqi nationals living in the United Kingdom, Italy and France and interned there from the start of the Gulf War);
The primary focus of the Geneva Conventions was to establish rules for protection, sometimes known as Geneva law.
The United Nations Security Council, the United Nations General Assembly, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Court of Justice and the High Contracting Parties to the Convention have all affirmed that the Fourth Geneva Convention does apply.
It stated: "Palestinian civilians in the OPT are protected persons under the Fourth Geneva Convention.
Mansour said Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has asked Switzerland-as the depository for Geneva Conventions-to convene a meeting of the parties to the 4th Geneva Convention on the protection of civilian persons in time of war.
PHRC called upon the international community to take immediate and effective actions to put an end to such crimes and reiterated its call for the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 to fulfill their obligations under Article 1; i.

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