Geneva Protocol

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Related to Geneva Protocol: Geneva Convention, Biological Weapons Convention

Geneva Protocol:

see protocolprotocol
, term referring to rules governing diplomatic conduct or to a variety of written instruments. Examples of the latter are authenticated minutes of international conferences; preliminary agreements, or statements of principle, which eventuate in a formal treaty; and
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Geneva Protocol


(1925; full name, Geneva Protocol on the Prohibition in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Such Gases and of Bacteriological Weapons), the principal international agreement concerning the prohibition of chemical and bacteriological warfare. The parties to the Geneva Protocol confirmed their recognition of the ban on the use of chemical weapons and agreed to extend this ban to bacteriological weapons. As of Jan. 1, 1972, the Geneva Protocol had been signed and ratified by 29 states, and 36 states had signed the protocol or acceded to it without ratifying it.

The USSR ratified the Geneva Protocol in 1928, making two reservations in signing it: first, the protocol would obli-gate the USSR government only with respect to states that have signed and ratified or definitively acceded to the protocol; second, the government of the USSR would cease to observe the protocol with respect to any enemy state whose armed forces or whose formal or de facto allies disregarded the prohibitory substance of the protocol. The term of the Geneva Protocol is unlimited, and the signatories have committed themselves to exert every effort to induce other coun-tries to accede to the protocol.

References in periodicals archive ?
Chief Justice Roberts and the Bond majority were apparently unaware of the critical differences between the 1925 Geneva Protocol and the 1993 CWC.
146; see also Geneva Protocol I, supra note 9, art.
In non-international armed conflict, Geneva Protocol II recognizes that persons may be deprived of liberty for reasons related to the armed conflict, (72) and mandates that they be treated humanely, (73) but does not specify the grounds or procedures for detention.
The program was dismantled, the weapons were destroyed, and the United States ratified the Geneva Protocol of 1925 and ascended to the Biological Weapons Convention of 1975.
However, the credibility of the USA was undermined by its failure to ratify the Geneva Protocol of 1925, by public acknowledgment of its own offensive biological warfare program, and by suspicions of collaboration with former Unit 731 scientists (1, 18).
MAKING INFERENCES: Why did nations agree to the Geneva Protocol, banning chemical weapons?
Article 79 of Geneva Protocol I distinctly regards journalists as civilians at all times in war.
Theodor Meron, "The Time has come for the United States to Ratify Geneva Protocol I," 88 A.
However, the Geneva Protocol does not effectively prevent biological warfare.
prohibiting "violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture"); Geneva Protocol I, supra note 1, art.
Public outrage at the use of poison gases such as phosgene, which blinded soldiers in World War I, led to the 1925 Geneva Protocol prohibiting the use of chemical weapons.