Gentiana


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Related to Gentiana: Gentiana acaulis, Gentiana lutea, gentian violet

Gentiana

 

a genus of perennial (more rarely, annual) herbs and undershrubs of the family Gentianaceae. The leaves are opposite and sessile, the flowers pentamerous (less frequently, tetramerous) with a sympetalous corolla; they are dark blue or light blue, or less frequently, yellow.

There are approximately 400 species of Gentiana growing all over the world, but they are found principally in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere; many are characteristic of alpine and subalpine meadows. In the USSR there are more than 90 species. Two species found widely in the meadows, clearings, and copses of the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, and Western Siberia are the marsh gentian (G. pneumonanthe) and the cruciate gentian (G. cruciata). G. olivieri is found in the more or less arid and desert regions of the Caucasus and Middle Asia. In the USSR the yellow gentian G. lutea grows in subalpine meadows of the Carpathians; it is of some medicinal importance. Gentiana are used also in the production of liqueurs and they are often grown as ornamentals.

REFERENCES

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
Wilkie, D. Gentians. London, 1950.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Coronilla varia, Polygala maior, Gentiana cruciata) and tall forbs (Centaurea scabiosa, Peucedanum cervaria) and scattered scrubs.
Xanthones from Gentiana campestris as new acetylcholinesterase inhibitors.
At the beginning, at least in Europe, natural flavourings were obtained from the local flora (Alpine flowers like gentiana and achillea); it then became quite frequent to use exotic spices imported from India and Africa (e.
Obolaria and Gentiana were the closest genera to Swertia, which is paraphyletic including Halenia, Comastoma, Gentianella, and Lomatogonium.
Less common potential increasers with fire in this region include Aletris aurea, Aureolaria pectinata, Eryngium yuccifolium, Eurybia hemispherica, Gentiana villosa, Gratiola pilosa, Helianthus silphioides, Liatris squarrulosa, Matelea carolinensis, Phlox pilosa, Piptochaetium avenaceum, Polygala cruciata, Pogonia ophioglossoides, Sabatia campanulata, Silphium integrifolium and Xyris jupicai (Denley et al.
Ultra structural aspects of symbiont relationships in Gentiana lutea L.
A cheese supper is a must while you are in Davos and Bistro Gentiana is well-known for its wide selection of fondue dishes, as well as its snails.
Here a few names to tempt you: arenaria, campanula, dianthus, gentiana, hepatica, Lewisia, penstemon, primula, thymus and saxifraga.
The species in summer pasture were: Kobresia huimlis, Stipa aliena, Lancea tibetica, Kobresia pygmaea, Gentiana squarrosa, Leontopodium leontopodioides, Thalictrum alpinum, Oxytropis deflexa, Saussurea superba, Potentilla fruticosa, Taraxacum brevirostre, Potentilla anserine, Poa calliopsis, Potentilla multifida, Leontopodium nanum.
And if you're not keen on pink there are other great combinations such as lime green molucella, royal blue gentiana or bright orange eremurus.
The beautiful blue Gentiana sino-ornata, in flower at Ness in the autumn, is another of his introductions, and the Pieris formosa Forrestii, which can be seen in all its glory on the Specimen Lawn in spring, was actually grown from seed collected by Forrest in China.