Geoffrey Wilkinson


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Wilkinson, Geoffrey

 

Born July 14, 1921, in Todmorden. British chemist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1965).

Wilkinson graduated from the Imperial College of Science and Technology in London in 1941. He worked on the joint Anglo-American-Canadian atomic energy project from 1943 to 1946, at the University of California under G. Seaborg from 1946 to 1950, and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1950–51. From 1951 to 1956 he lectured at Harvard University. In 1956 he was appointed a professor at the Imperial College of Science and Technology in London.

Wilkinson is one of the founders of the chemistry of organome-tallic compounds of transition metals; in 1952 he and his colleagues established the sandwich-like structure of ferrocene. Among his important achievements is the discovery of Wilkinson’s catalyst—a complex compound, [(C6H5)3P]RhCl, that acts as a universal catalyst for the hydrogénation of olefins and acetylenes—as well as the synthesis of hexamethyl tungsten and alkyl derivatives of other transition metals.

Wilkinson was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1973 (with E. O. Fisher).

WORKS

Sovremennaia neorganicheskaia khimiia, parts 1–3. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from English.)

REFERENCE

Gubin, S. P. “E. Fisher, Dzh. Uilkinson.” Zhurnal Vsesoiuznogo khimicheskogo obshchestva im. D. I. Mendeleeva, 1975, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 701–02.
References in periodicals archive ?
SAILING TRAGEDY: The Kielder Water Sailing Club and, right, our front page on the accident INQUEST: Geoffrey Wilkinson, left, and his 17-year-old daughter Victoria, who had become caught in a wire
HEIRLOOM: Geoffrey Wilkinson with his prized photograph of Emley Clarence Cricket Club circa 1900 which he rescued from the dustbin and now has pride of place in his Lepton home Picture by Peter Cottle; MEET THE FAMILY: A close up of the picture featuring four of Mr Wilkinson's close family - see story (AC120608Demley-1