South Pole

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Related to Geographic South Pole: Geographic North Pole

South Pole,

southern end of the earth's axis, lat. 90° S. It is distinguished from the south magnetic polemagnetic pole,
the two nearly opposite ends of the planet where the earth's magnetic intensity is the greatest, as the north and south magnetic poles. For the magnetic north, it is the direction from any point on the earth's surface linking the horizontal component of the
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. The South Pole was reached first by Roald AmundsenAmundsen, Roald
(Roald Engelbregt Grauning Amundsen) , 1872–1928, Norwegian polar explorer; the first person to reach the South Pole. He served (1897–99) as first mate on the Belgica
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, a Norwegian explorer, in 1911. See AntarcticaAntarctica
, the fifth largest continent, c.5,500,000 sq mi (14,245,000 sq km), asymmetrically centered on the South Pole and almost entirely within the Antarctic Circle. Geology and Geography

Antarctica consists of two major regions: W Antarctica (c.
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.

South Pole

 

the point at which the imaginary axis of the earth’s rotation intersects its surface in the southern hemisphere. All other points on the earth’s surface are north of the south pole. The south pole is situated on the continent of Antarctica, close to the Pacific coast at an elevation of 2,800 m. The ice in the vicinity of the south pole reaches a thickness of 2,810 m. The average annual air temperature for the period 1957–61 was –48.6°C, with a maximum of −14.7°C and a minimum of –78.9°C. The polar day lasts about 179 days, from September 23 to March 20–21 (not considering refraction). (See alsoPOLES, GEOGRAPHIC.)

south pole

[′sau̇th ′pōl]
(electromagnetism)
The pole of a magnet at which magnetic lines of force are assumed to enter. Also known as negative pole.
(geophysics)

South Pole

[′sau̇th ′pōl]

South Pole

1. the southernmost point on the earth's axis, at the latitude of 90°S
2. Astronomy the point of intersection, in the constellation Octans, of the earth's extended axis and the southern half of the celestial sphere
3. the south-seeking pole of a freely suspended magnet
References in periodicals archive ?
An interesting feature of Pole Station is that objects in the sky do not rise and set, but rotate around the geographic South Pole.
Other locations include: Amundsen-Scott South Pole (ASP) station, located at the geographic South Pole nearly 1,000 miles from McMurdo and serving 120 residents; and Palmer Station, which usually houses 40 people and only half that in winter.
The record-breaking adventurer had to end his mission after 39 days of unsupported skiing from the Hercules Inlet on the coastline of Antarctica to the geographic South Pole.
32km, or 273 miles, on his mission to ski solo, unassisted and unsupported, from the continent's Hercules Inlet to the geographic South Pole.
Malcolm aims to trek 140 miles across the Antarctic ice cap to the Geographic South Pole to raise funds for two charities, Alzheimer's Research UK and Walking With The Wounded.
And the former Newport Gwent Dragon - trekking to raise pounds 1m for Marie Curie Cancer Care - has overcome the first hurdle by reaching the geographic South Pole, where he spent New Year.
An expedition led by Waleed Yusuf Zahid, accompanied by his sons Haytham and Mohamed reached the geographic South Pole on Dec.
STEPHANIE Solomonides, 25, has been selected to represent Cyprus in the eight-woman team planning an 800km skiing expedition across Antarctica to the Geographic South Pole, to mark the 60th anniversary of the Commonwealth.
McMurdo is one of three year-round stations NSF maintains in Antarctica; the others are Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, at the geographic South Pole, and Palmer Station, on the Antarctic Peninsula.
Richard's expedition begins on November 29 on a previously unconquered and extremely challenging route to the geographic South Pole.
It doesn't get any easier when I explain that I am preparing to undertake an unsupported expedition to the geographic South Pole in November on a route so far unconquered.
Tomorrow, Hannah, 33, of Newbury, in Berkshire, is due to reach the halfway point in her trek to the geographic South Pole in Antarctica.