The workflow to build integrated geons comprises five major stages that can be adapted according to the specific application scenario: (1) definition of a hierarchical conceptual framework for systematizing and operationalizing the multidimensional phenomenon of interest; (2) indicator selection, data preprocessing and statistical analysis;
The geons as such are delineated in the third stage by regionalizing the n-dimensional variable space, where n is the number of indicators.
assigning three components to the RGB channels, is a means to investigate the major components of the integrated geons.
Another way to analyze the composition of integrated geons is to calculate the Shannon index (SI) (Shannon and Weaver 1949) as a measure of entropy (Figure 7).
For comparing the two types of geons introduced in this paper, we follow the seven-stage semantic hierarchy for geographic information constructs introduced by (Couclelis 2010) (see Figure 8).
Composite geons operate in the geo-object domain (Goodchild, Yuan, and Cova 2007).
Integrated geons remain in the field object domain, yet operating in granular space using a preemptive discrete field-based model (Mark 1999; Voudouris 2010).