Georg Büchner

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Büchner, Georg

 

Born Oct. 17, 1813, in Goddelau; died Feb. 19, 1837, in Zürich. German writer. Son of a doctor; brother of the philosopher L. Büchner.

At the universities of Strasbourg and Giessen, where he studied medicine and natural science, Büchner became fascinated with the ideas of the Great French Revolution and Utopian socialism. While a member of the revolutionary Society of the Rights of Man, Büchner enlisted peasants and artisans into the organization. The words “Peace to the huts, war on the palaces!” that open The Hessian Provincial Deputy, a proclamation Büchner wrote in 1834, were heard for the first time in Germany. After the organization was disbanded, Büchner lectured at the University of Zürich. Büchner’s first work is a realistic drama Danton’s Death (1835), in which the French Revolution is shown in its historical greatness and contradictions. The comedy Leonce and Lena, which was published in 1839, combines mild humor with irate satire directed toward the German dwarf states. In his best play, Woyzeck (1837), Büchner showed the social oppression and the awakening of class consciousness among the working people. The short story Lenz (1839) expresses Büchner’s aesthetic views. Although he was a materialist with regard to his world view, he opposed Schiller’s idealization of images and his romantic subjectivism.

WORKS

Werke und Briefe. Wiesbaden, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Sochineniia. (Foreword by A. Dzhivelegov.) Moscow-Leningrad, 1935.

REFERENCES

Turaeva, E. Ia. Dramaturgiia G. Biukhnera i ee stsenicheskoe voploshchenie. Moscow, 1952.
Dmitriev, A. (Foreword.) In Büchner, G. Smert’ Dantona. Moscow, 1954. (Text of book is in German.)
Meyer, H. G. Büchner und seine Zeit. Berlin, 1960.
G. Büchner. Published by W. Martens. Darmstadt, 1965.
Schröder, J. G. Büchners “Leonce und Lena.” Munich, 1966.
Johann, E. G. Büchner in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten. [Hamburg, 1969.] (Bibliography, pages 171-74.)
P’esy, proza, pis’ma. Moscow, 1972.

E. IA. TURAEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
national and international awards, including the Georg Buchner Prize
Then on Friday, February 14 Scene Productions presents Woyzeck, a new adaptation based on the play by Georg Buchner Set against the backdrop of WW1, Woyzeck is a startling depiction of the lowly soldier plagued by visions of the apocalypse.
The Sturm and Drang literary movement is conventionally associated with the notions of freedom of expression, productive genius, and love of nature, but alongside the misadventures of the young Werther, Georg Buchner sensed the consequences of that same unstoppable Drang, portraying the irrational drives that assail human nature as schizophrenia in the case of Lenz (1839) and jealousy in the case of Woyzeck (1837).
We have already strengthened the business development team with the appointment of Dr Georg Buchner who will now take full responsibility for business development.
Silence today announces the appointment of Dr Georg Buchner as VP Business Development.
In a letter from 1836, the young German writer, revolutionary, and medical student Georg Buchner writes the sentence: "Our time is purely material" (Schriften 440).
Hierdie artikel ondemeem 'n semiotiese ondersoek na die identifikasie van die self spesifiek in die Suid-Afrikaanse modernisme deur 'n verwerking van Georg Buchner se "Woyzeck" as vertrekpunt te neem.
As Georg Buchner, the German philosopher said, "Revolution is like Saturn, it devours its own children.
Georg Buchner VP, Corporate & Business Development Tel: +44(0)1707-356130 georg.
The setting was more or less the 19th-century Austrian garrison town of the Georg Buchner play on which the opera is based.