Georg Jellinek


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Jellinek, Georg

 

Born June 16, 1851, in Leipzig; died Jan. 1, 1911, in Heidelberg. German bourgeois political scientist and representative of the school of juridical positivism. Professor at the universities of Vienna (from 1883), Basel (1889), and Heidelberg (from 1891).

According to Jellinek, the state must be studied both as a special social formation and as a legal entity. Thus his doctrine comprises social and legal teachings, each having its own method. In practice, Jellinek’s method was primarily formal and dogmatic. He defined the state as a unity of individuals having a special purpose and endowed with the qualities of a legal subject; it possesses a will and embodies rights. This definition does not reveal the social essence of the bourgeois state. Jellinek advanced the liberal bourgeois concept that the state limits its power by the promulgation of norms—a progressive idea under the German monarchical system. The idea of the self-limitation of state power was further developed by Jellinek in his definition of sovereignty. He exerted a certain influence on 20th-century Russian juris-prudence.

WORKS

System der subjektiven öffentlichen Rechte. Berlin, 1892.
Allgemeine Staatslehre. Berlin, 1900. In Russian translation, Obshchee uchenie o gosudarstve. St. Petersburg, 1903.
Ausgewählte Schriften und Reden, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1911.

G. V. MAL’TSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Feeling isolated in the theology department at Heidelberg, Troeltsch sought friendship with faculty members in other disciplines, especially Georg Jellinek and Max Weber (54, 179).
Georg Jellinek (1966), un jurista con gran agudeza sociologica, cercano al circulo de Max Weber en Heidelberg, reformula los grandes debates decimononicos sobre la naturaleza del Estado, planteando que la teoria general del Estado puede estudiarlo desde dos diferentes perspectivas: una teoria social del Estado (soziale Staatslehre) que se ocupa del Estado en cuanto construccion historica o, en otras palabras, tal como es en la realidad social, fenomeno del que se ocupan la ciencia politica y la sociologia, y, de otro lado, una teoria juridica del Estado (Staatsrechtslehre), que se ocupa de su perspectiva juridica y normativa, tarea reservada al jurista (Jellinek 1966).
From among these, I would note, in particular, two personalities who, for various reasons and on different occasions, can be traced to Kelsen: his ex "mentor" in Heidelberg, Georg Jellinek, and his friend, leader of the Austrian Social Democratic Party, Karl Renner.
Rather, it derived from a work by the renowned jurist, Georg Jellinek, who in 1885 published a brief essay eloquently titled Verfassungsgerichtshof fur Osterreich (A Constitutional Court for Austria) in which he called for a Verfassungsgerichtshof (constitutional court) to enforce the division of competences between the Center and the Laender (regions) in the western half of the Empire (Cisleithania) -which he judged to be utterly insufficient and unclear- and, primarily, to defend the Constitution from potential excesses and transgressions committed by the parties or parliamentary organ (Jellinek, 1885: 8 ss).
Georg Jellinek, Teoria General del Estado, Mexico, FCE, la reimpresion 2002, 687 pp.
El texto de Georg Jellinek, Teoria General del Estado, es reconocido como obra cumbre de los estudios que, sobre Derecho Publico, aparecieron profusamente y con caracter de gran erudicion en Europa, particularmente en Francia y Alemania, desde la tercera decada del Siglo XIX.