George de Hevesy

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Hevesy, George de

 

(also Georg von Hevesy). Born Aug. 1, 1885, in Budapest; died July 5, 1966, in Freiburg, Federal Republic of Germany. Hungarian chemist. Honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and foreign member of the Royal Society of London (1939).

In 1908, Hevesy graduated from the University of Budapest. He was a professor at the universities in Budapest (1918), Copenhagen (1920–26, 1934–43), Freiburg (1926–34), and Stockholm (1943).

In 1922, together with the scientist D. Coster, Hevesy discovered the chemical element hafnium. Together with F. Paneth (1913), he proposed the method of isotope tracers (tagged atoms) and was the first to use it in biological research. In 1936, Hevesy and the Hungarian chemist H. Levi were the first to make use of activation analysis.

Hevesy was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1943. In 1959 he received the international Atoms for Peace prize.

WORKS

Adventures in Radioisotope Research: The Collected Papers, vols. 1–2. Oxford, 1962.
In Russian translation:
Radioaktivnye indikatory, ikh primenenie v biokhimii, normal’noi fiziologii i patologicheskoi fiziologii cheloveka i zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1950.

REFERENCE

Mel’nikov, V. P. “Georg Kheveshi.” Zhurnal Vses. khimicheskogo obshchestva im. D. I. Mendeleeva, 1975, vol. 20, no. 6, p. 656.