George Bancroft

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Bancroft, George


Born Oct. 3, 1800, in Worcester, Massachusetts; died Jan. 17, 1891, in Washington, D. C. American political figure, diplomat, historian, and prominent representative of the romantic school of historiography.

In 1845–46, Bancroft was secretary of the navy. He participated in the planning of the expansionist war of the USA against Mexico (1846–48). From 1846 to 1849 he was minister to London, and in 1867–74, he was minister to Berlin. Between 1834 and 1874, Bancroft’s principal work, the ten-volume History of the United States, was published. Using archival documents, Bancroft was one of the first in American historiography to give elementary criticism of sources. However, he limited his inquiry to purely political problems. His work was permeated by ideas of nationalism and praise of the American political system, the making of which Bancroft linked to the religious concept of a “chosen people,” the Puritan settlers. Bancroft is known as one of the founders of the so-called early school, which was the leading one in American historiography in the first half of the 19th century.


The History of the United States, vols. 1–10. Boston, 1834–74.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fuller's trying-out of a public voice, specifically encouraged by her father, put her into conversation with George Bancroft as author of "Slavery in Rome" in a recent issue of the North American Review.
Isaac Davis presided and George Bancroft was one of the speakers.
history, one begins with the Unitarian historian, George Bancroft (1800-1891).
As the prominent American diplomat George Bancroft wrote to Lord Palmerston in 1849, a nation "will as soon tolerate a man with two wives as a man with two countries; as soon bear polygamy as that of double allegiance.
The verso of his letter bore a supporting note from the Boston Collector of Customs (and coincidentally future Secretary of the Navy under President Polk), George Bancroft.
George Bancroft and Frederick Jackson Turner are the best known of these historians.
Further, Andrew Jackson's defensive victory at New Orleans placed him firmly on the road to the presidency and provided his supporters grounds to mythologize it into the greatest military engagement of the times, the version of events effectively established by George Bancroft in his multivolume History of the United States (1834-1873).
Directed by Michael Curtiz, this 97 minute graphic cult drama stars James Cagney, Humphrey Bogart, Ann Sheridan, William Tracy, Frankie Burke, George Bancroft, Billy Halop, Bobby Jordan, Leo Gorcey, Gabriel Dell, Huntz Hall, Bernard Punsly, Joe Downing and Pat O'Brien as Father Jerome "Jerry" Connelly, a priest and a close childhood friend of William "Rocky" Sullivan (Cagney).
In contrast to Democratic historian George Bancroft, Lincoln believed that Americans could not be certain that their nation state represented God's Kingdom on Earth so infallibly that the only possible alternative to American triumph would be the end of history itself.
In the index the alphabet is skewed: James Barnes and James Barrie are entered atop Frederic Bancroft and George Bancroft (p.
Later, other friends of Hawthorne's urged Orestes Brownson to represent Hawthorne's merits to George Bancroft, collector of the Port of Boston and political boss of the Democratic Party.
The answer is, briefly: He consulted the greatest American historian of the nineteenth century, George Bancroft.