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1 City (1990 pop. 12,711), seat of Saline co., N central Mo.; inc. 1839. In a large farm area, it is a processing center for grain, eggs, meat, and dairy products. Marshall is the seat of Missouri Valley College. George Caleb BinghamBingham, George Caleb,
1811–79, American painter and politician, b. Augusta co., Va. His family moved (1819) to Missouri, which was the site of most of Bingham's activities. In 1837 he studied for a short time at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.
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 lived there.

2 City (1990 pop. 23,682), seat of Harrison co., E Tex., in a pine-covered hill and lake area; inc. 1844. Live-oak-shaded streets and mansions recall the plantation past of the city, which manufactures stoneware pottery, ceramic tiles, and chemicals. It is the seat of East Texas Baptist Univ. and Wiley College, the first historically African-American college west of the Mississippi (founded 1873).


1. 1842--1924, English economist, author of Principles of Economics (1890)
2. George Catlett. 1880--1959, US general and statesman. He was chief of staff of the US army (1939--45) and, as secretary of state (1947-- 49), he proposed the Marshall Plan (1947), later called the European Recovery Programme: Nobel peace prize 1953
3. John. 1755--1835, US jurist and statesman. As chief justice of the Supreme Court (1801--35), he established the principles of US constitutional law
4. Sir John Ross. 1912--88, New Zealand politician; prime minister (1972)