George Cayley


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Cayley, George

 

Born Dec. 27, 1773, in Scarborough, Yorkshire, England; died Dec. 15, 1857, in Brompton Hall, Yorkshire. English scientist and inventor.

From 1809 to 1811, Cayley published descriptions of the principles of flight for a glider and an airplane, as well as the results of his aerodynamic research on models and devices. Subsequent works proposed methods for providing flight stability. Cayley explained the role of the tail group and the importance of minimizing weight and load. From 1849 to 1853, he built two gliders and made a manned flight with one of them. Cayley developed a wheel with wire spokes (the prototype of the bicycle wheel) and proposed several types of internal combustion engines (1805). He patented a crawler track for transport machines in 1825. Cayley was also concerned with research in such areas as scientific education, acoustics, ballistics, optics, electricity, and railroad equipment.

REFERENCES

Popov, V. A. Osnovy aviatsionnoi tekhniki. Moscow, 1947.
Pritchard, J. L. Sir George Cayley. London, 1961.
Gibbs-Smith, C. H. Sir George Cayley’s Aeronautics 1796–1855. London, 1962.
References in classic literature ?
Henson and Sir George Cayley - had much weakened the public interest in the subject of aerial navigation.
The building, at South Lane, is named Cayley House, after Sir George Cayley.
Along with the Wright Brothers, whom most Americans think invented the airplane in an intellectual vacuum, Spencer follows the true international cast from designers to inventors to pilots, from Sir George Cayley to his disciple William Henson and from the aforesaid Wrights to the daring Bleriot.
The Man Who Discovered Flight: George Cayley and the First Airplane, by Richard Dee.
The Wright brothers dipped their wings--literally and figuratively--to Leonardo da Vinci, Sir George Cayley, Otto Lilienthal, and Octave Chanute.
Englishman George Cayley is credited with inventing the aeroplane near Scarborough in Yorkshire in 1799.
Also,Sir George Cayley who invented the aeroplane 100 years before the Wright brothers.
At least Sir Richard, 52, showed more courage than inventor Sir George Cayley.
The original aircraft was pioneered by Sir George Cayley -50 years before the Wright Brothers made their famous flight.
The offices have been named after Sir George Cayley, the Yorkshireman who pioneered the principles of flying, described as the father of aerial navigation.
An introductory chapter reminds us of the important attainments of such 19th Century experimenters as Sir George Cayley, Otto Lillienthal, Octave Chanute, and the Wrights as well as other less successful pioneers; but the major thrust of the volume comes with the 1917 founding of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) with its facilities for basic research into aerodynamic, structural, and propulsion problems.
But Sir George Cayley had designed his first aircraft in 1799 and achieved manned flight 50 years before Orville and Wilbur took off at Kitty Hawke.