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Crabbe, George,1754–1832, English poet, b. Aldeburgh, Suffolk. After practicing medicine for a short time, he went to London in 1780, hoping to earn money by his writing. He was befriended by Edmund Burke, whose generous assistance aided in the publication of The Library (1781). He took orders in 1781 and held various livings, becoming rector at Trowbridge in 1814. The Village (1783), his most famous work, is a grim picture of rustic life, written partly in reply to Goldsmith's nostalgic Deserted Village. His bleak, realistic descriptions of life led Byron to call him "nature's sternest painter, yet the best." His other works include The Parish Register (1807), The Borough (1810), Tales (1812), and Tales of the Hall (1819).
See biographies by his son (ed. by E. M. Forster, 1932; repr. 1949) and R. L. Chamberlain (1965); studies by A. Pollard (1972) and B. Nelson (1976).
Born Dec. 24, 1754, in Aldeburgh; died Feb. 3, 1832, in Trowbridge. English poet.
Crabbe was a doctor and later a parish priest. The realistic and democratic direction of his poetry was apparent from the appearance of his poem The Village (1783). Crabbe depicted the everyday life of rural parishes and small provincial towns; he made the simple people, doomed to a wretched existence, the heroes of his works. A. S. Pushkin and W. K. Kuchelbecker highly valued Crabbe's work.
WORKSPoems, vols. 1–3. Cambridge, 1905–07.
Poems. London, 1946.
In Russian translation: In N. V. GerbeF, Angliiskie poety v biografiiakh i obraztsakh. St. Petersburg, 1875.
REFERENCESLevin, lu. D. “Nekrasov i angliiskii poet Krabb.” In Nekrasovskii sbornik, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
Haddakin, L. The Poetry of Crabbe. London, 1955.