George Cruikshank

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Cruikshank, George

(kro͝ok`shăngk), 1792–1878, English caricaturist, illustrator, and etcher; younger son of Isaac Cruikshank (1756–1810), caricaturist. Self-taught, George early gained a reputation for his humorous drawings and political and social satires. He succeeded James Gillray as the most popular caricaturist of his day. Cruikshank illustrated more than 850 books and contributed to such publications as the Meteor, the Scourge, and the Satirist. Among the best of his many illustrations are the famous Life in London (in collaboration with his brother); his masterly etchings for Grimm's German Popular Stories; and the 12 etchings in Richard Bentley's miscellany, which include the notable illustrations of Oliver Twist. In his later years Cruikshank made many drawings depicting the evils of intemperance, such as The Drunkard's Children, The Bottle, and The Gin Trap. Collections of his works are in the British and the Victoria and Albert museums.


See biographies by B. Jerrold (1882) and W. Bates (2d. ed. 1972); catalogs by A. M. Cohn (1924) and M. D. George (1949); study, ed. by R. L. Patten (1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Child describes Ballad 53L as "Illustrated by George Cruikshank," suggesting that Cruikshank copied it from Cockney tradition, and that Dickens's interventions are sufficiently minor as to he overwhelmed by the poem's traditional aspects.
The satirist George Cruikshank weighed in, publishing in 1829 a particularly macabre cartoon 'The Gin Shop' in Scraps and Sketches and the subsequent attention it received in the newspapers encouraged concerned citizens to voice their own complaints in letters to the Editor of The Times.
Works by Pierce Egan, Douglas Jerrold, and George Cruikshank are not quite unknown to scholars, but the titles reproduced here are all genuinely difficult to come by, except in excellent libraries: nearly all the titles are out of print.
People" is a series of 35 sketches of individuals and links, including John Baskerville, Thomas Bewick, William Caxton, George Cruikshank, Louis Daguerre, Eric Gill, and William Morris: one of the better sections, however random the subjects.
Greer's style is a weird hybrid of David Wojnarowicz and 19th-century book illustrators such as George Cruikshank.
Monster discovered by the Orang Outangs' runs the caption of a cartoon by George Cruikshank that appeared in his annual Comic Almanack in 1852.
Any sense of Hogg using his sermons to get even with an unappreciative literary elite is more than balanced out by the earlier piece on 'Good Breeding', which deals not with nameless 'reviewers', but with old friends - Walter Scott, Allan Cunningham, Thomas Hood, John Hamilton Reynolds, Theodore Hook, and George Cruikshank.
99); and a reading of the Henry Mayhew and George Cruikshank serial, 1851; or, The Adventures of Mr and Mrs Sandboys, or a glance at Anne Humpherys 1977 biography of Mayhew, will show that the artist did not dictate to the author.
There are those who collect prints, principally by Gillray, Thomas Rowlandson (1756-1827) and George Cruikshank (1792-1878).
They range from the Victorian artists who worked with Charles Dickens, artists of the calibre of the great George Cruikshank, and Hablot Knight Browne ("Phiz") who gave an illustrative vibrancy to the texts they decorated, to the 20th century illustrators, including Arthur Rackham, Eric Fraser and Mervyn Peake, etc.
Ian looks at the work of Prime Minister William Gladstone, cheese seller Joseph Livesey and George Cruikshank, Charles Dickens' illustrator.
The exhibition also features works by political cartoonist Gerald Scarfe, Victorian artist George Cruikshank and Spitting Image puppets.