George Eastman


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George Eastman
Birthday
BirthplaceWaterville, New York, U.S.
Died
NationalityAmerican
Occupation
Businessman, inventor, philanthropist
Known for Photography pioneer, Founder of Eastman Kodak

Eastman, George,

1854–1932, American inventor, industrialist, and philanthropist, b. Waterville, N.Y. By mass production of his photographic inventions, Eastman enormously stimulated the development of photography as a popular hobby. He invented a dry-plate process and established (1880) a factory at Rochester, N.Y., for making the plates; he devised a roll film and the Kodak camera (1888) to use it, as well as a process for color photography (1928). The Eastman Kodak Company, founded in 1892, was one of the first firms in America to establish a plant for large-scale production of a standardized product and to maintain a fine chemical laboratory; its progressive welfare program included a profit-sharing plan. Eastman's philanthropies were estimated at over $100 million: the principal recipients were the Univ. of Rochester and the Eastman School of Music, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Tuskegee and Hampton institutes, Rochester Dental Dispensary, and dental clinics in several European capitals. In 1932 after a long illness Eastman committed suicide.

Bibliography

See biographies by C. W. Ackerman (1930, repr. 1973) and B. Mitchell (1986).

Eastman, George

(1854–1932) inventor, manufacturer, philanthropist; born in Waterville, N.Y. Interested in photographic processes from an early age, he abandoned banking for photography and produced a flexible role film (1884) and the "Kodak" box camera (1888). His experiments with Thomas Edison made motion pictures possible. Eastman formed the Eastman Kodak Company in 1892 and introduced the legendary Brownie camera eight years later. Aggressive and hard-driving, he bought out rivals or drove them out of business, and his company soon dominated the industry. One of the nation's leading philanthropists, he founded the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, N.Y., and supported various other educational institutions. His home in Rochester, N.Y., is a major photography museum.
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HONORS AND AWARDS: National Merit Scholarship Commended Student; Massachusetts Association of Secondary School Superintendent's Award for Academic Excellence; George Eastman Young Leaders Award; Daughters of the American Revolution Good Citizen's Award; Student Government Day representative; Smith College Book Award.
The eleven official venues include the George Eastman House, the Nextstage at Geva Theatre Center, and Hatch Recital and Kilbourn Halls at the Eastman School of Music.
The exhibition was organized in 1989 by George Eastman House and has toured the world showcasing the talent of these photographers in creating a testimony of events throughout the world representing two important components of Magnum's vision: an examination of life on the periphery and life in the mainstream of events, each a strong reflection of the other.
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Just consider, George Eastman introduced the first Kodak camera in 1888.
Among the individuals so honored are Edwin Land, inventor of the Polaroid process; Earl Tupper, originator of Tupper-ware; George Eastman, founder of Eastman Kodak; and Willard Dow, founder of Dow Chemical.
The company traces its roots back to 1920 when George Eastman set up a chemical division of Eastman Kodak Co.
exhibition "Contemporary Photographers--Towards a Social Landscape" [at the George Eastman House, Rochester, in 1966].