George Fox


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Fox, George,

1624–91, English religious leader, founder of the Society of FriendsFriends, Religious Society of,
religious body originating in England in the middle of the 17th cent. under George Fox. The members are commonly called Quakers, originally a term of derision.
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, b. Fenny Drayton in Leicestershire. As a boy he was apprenticed to a shoemaker and wool dealer. By nature serious and contemplative, Fox at the age of 19 entered upon a wandering quest for spiritual enlightenment. In 1646 he underwent a mystical experience that convinced him that Christianity was not an outward profession but an inner light by which Christ directly illumines the believing soul. Revelation was for Fox not confined to the Scriptures. In 1647 he began to preach. Although often the victim of mob brutality and eight times imprisoned between 1649 and 1675, Fox won many followers, especially among groups of separatistsseparatists,
in religion, those bodies of Christians who withdrew from the Church of England. They desired freedom from church and civil authority, control of each congregation by its membership, and changes in ritual. In the 16th cent.
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. In 1668 he prepared the first pattern of organization, which was for some years to serve as the discipline of the Society of Friends. The London Yearly Meeting was started in 1671. To confirm his followers in their beliefs and to spread the truths, Fox went in 1671 to the West Indies and to America, where he made arduous journeys to various colonies scattered between New England and North Carolina. Later he twice visited Holland. His sincerity, serenity, fearlessness, and powerful preaching are attested to by a number of his contemporaries. His journal (1694, with a preface by William Penn) has appeared in various editions.

Bibliography

See George Fox: An Autobiography (ed. by R. M. Jones, 2 vol., 1903–4); his narrative papers (ed. by H. J. Cadbury, 1972); biography by H. E. Wildes (1965); study J. H. Yolen (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Students who already have a bachelor's degree in social work (BSW) from George Fox University or another program accredited by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) can apply for admission to the MSW's Advanced Standing program, which enables full-time students to complete their MSW at George Fox in 10 months.
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org on conjunction with author George Fox will be releasing this new publication that will reveal and address all of these concerns of Medicare beneficiaries.
There were around 200 people at the meeting, well over the legal limit for nonconformist gatherings, and George Fox and his son-inlaw were arrested, having given "no satisfactory account of their settlement or place of habitation".
He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in management and organizational labor from the University of Idaho, and a Masters of Business Administration degree from George Fox University in Newberg, Ore.
The Friends were pacifist from the beginning with George Fox, and they have certainly proved they are "fully pacifist" through the American Friends Service Committee.
George Fox had been the founder of Quakerism--the religion I grew up with.
Another Akiba award will be given to Vicki and George Fox when the chapter holds a membership drive at a bagel and lox brunch in Rosoff's home Aug.
In your story 'Fighting the FNGA' by contributor Ann Hanson, she identifies Ontario Chief George Fox.
Campbell is Professor of Art at George Fox University,
The first develops, in successive chapters, the religious and political radicalism of John Lilburne, Gerard Winstanley, Abiezer Coppe and Anna Trapnel, and George Fox, and concludes with its first sally into "literature," on Marvell's responses to radical polemic.
Gary Fawver, CCI/USA representative, professor at George Fox University, Newberg, Oregon.