George Henry Lewes


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Lewes, George Henry

 

Born Apr. 18, 1817, in London; died there Nov. 28, 1878. English journalist, literary critic, and positivist philosopher, follower of A. Comte.

Lewes founded the journal Fortnightly Review. In his influential History of Philosophy (vols. 1-4, 1845-46; Russian translation, 1865), Lewes viewed the history of philosophy as a history of errors and attempted to show that positivism was the only path to knowledge. He expounded the principle of the “functional indifference of nerves” arid criticized the doctrine of “physiological idealism” concerning the specific energy of the sense organs. Lewes’ ideas contributed to the spread of naturalism in 19th-century English literature.

WORKS

Aristotle. London, 1864.
The Problems of Life and Mind, vols. 1-5. London, 1874-79.
The Physical Basis of Mind. London, 1877.
Life and Works of Goethe. London, 1855.
In Russian translation:
“Filosofiia nauk O. Konta.” In G. H. Lewes and J. S. Mill, O. Kont i polozhiteVnaia filosofiia. St. Petersburg, 1867.
Serdtse i mozg [2nd ed.]. St. Petersburg, 1875.
Voprosy o zhizni i dukhe, vols. 1-2. St. Petersburg, 1875-76.
Izuchenie psikhologii, ee predmet, oblast’ i metod. Moscow, 1880.

REFERENCES

Stadlin A. “Filosofskoe uchenie D. G. Luisa.” Russkii vestnik, 1876, vols. 124, 125, 126.
Volkov, N. P. D. G. L’iuis. Vladikavkaz, 1904.
Ivashcheva, V. V. “Ot Dzhordzh Eliot k angliiskomu romanu 60-kh gg.” Voprosy literatury, 1971, no. 7.
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References in classic literature ?
He had read somewhere that every man was born a Platonist, an Aristotelian, a Stoic, or an Epicurean; and the history of George Henry Lewes (besides telling you that philosophy was all moonshine) was there to show that the thought of each philospher was inseparably connected with the man he was.
Romola is such a thoroughly researched work that her life partner, George Henry Lewes, confided to the publisher his fear that Eliot was writing an encyclopedia rather than a novel.
During the heyday of the Victorian literary and musical salon era, salons held by George Eliot and George Henry Lewes in 1870s London were attended by people from all walks of life, including gays and lesbians, singers, and musicians.
Conscious of the hard work, perseverance, possible poverty, courage, and renunciation of popular applause necessary to success (15)--of" the arduousness and difficulties of a career so facile in imagination," which George Henry Lewes saw George Eliot emphasizing in Daniel Deronda (Letters, VI:193)--she had no advice for aspiring women except what she constantly told herself: work hard; constantly exert more effort.
George Eliot by one of his biographers, George Henry Lewes, novelist, biographer, and critic, wrote an anonymous article about Leopardi, which appeared in Fraser's Magazine in 1848.
Speaking of Aristotle's treatise, On the Generation of Animals, the naturalist George Henry Lewes has written: "It is an extraordinary production.
Rick Rylance's study of mid-Victorian psychology is an attempt to give an overview of a developing discipline and to present three historically important figures, Alexander Bain, Herbert Spencer, and George Henry Lewes, whose works were, in different ways, typical of, and influential on, schools of thought during this time.
Nuneaton's favourite daughter spent three months in Weimar with her partner George Henry Lewes where she met with the composer Liszt.
Consider the case of George Henry Lewes from among the many mid-century Victorians who tried to rethink this conflation of poetry and artistic value.
IT was in July 1858, a decade after 'the year of revolutions', that the novelist George Eliot (Marian Evans) and her partner George Henry Lewes undertook a journey that led from London to Dresden by way of Munich.
1 Presumably, he had in mind the Brownings, the Carlyles, Harriet Taylor and John Stuart Mill, and George Eliot and George Henry Lewes.
Eliot had begun "Amos Barton" in September of that year, under the magisterial eye of her lover (and eminent literary critic), George Henry Lewes.