George Henry Lewes

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Lewes, George Henry

 

Born Apr. 18, 1817, in London; died there Nov. 28, 1878. English journalist, literary critic, and positivist philosopher, follower of A. Comte.

Lewes founded the journal Fortnightly Review. In his influential History of Philosophy (vols. 1-4, 1845-46; Russian translation, 1865), Lewes viewed the history of philosophy as a history of errors and attempted to show that positivism was the only path to knowledge. He expounded the principle of the “functional indifference of nerves” arid criticized the doctrine of “physiological idealism” concerning the specific energy of the sense organs. Lewes’ ideas contributed to the spread of naturalism in 19th-century English literature.

WORKS

Aristotle. London, 1864.
The Problems of Life and Mind, vols. 1-5. London, 1874-79.
The Physical Basis of Mind. London, 1877.
Life and Works of Goethe. London, 1855.
In Russian translation:
“Filosofiia nauk O. Konta.” In G. H. Lewes and J. S. Mill, O. Kont i polozhiteVnaia filosofiia. St. Petersburg, 1867.
Serdtse i mozg [2nd ed.]. St. Petersburg, 1875.
Voprosy o zhizni i dukhe, vols. 1-2. St. Petersburg, 1875-76.
Izuchenie psikhologii, ee predmet, oblast’ i metod. Moscow, 1880.

REFERENCES

Stadlin A. “Filosofskoe uchenie D. G. Luisa.” Russkii vestnik, 1876, vols. 124, 125, 126.
Volkov, N. P. D. G. L’iuis. Vladikavkaz, 1904.
Ivashcheva, V. V. “Ot Dzhordzh Eliot k angliiskomu romanu 60-kh gg.” Voprosy literatury, 1971, no. 7.
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She then became impassioned of George Lewes, playwright, novelist and journalist.
She was buried in Highgate Cemetery near George Lewes, and a hundred years later a memorial stone was erected in her honor in Westminster Abbey's Poets' Corner.
When imposters claimed authorship Eliot had to reveal her true identity, although her publisher was afraid to print her next work because of the controversy surrounding her "living-in-sin" with George Lewes.
Thus it is possible finally to move beyond George Elliot, George Lewes, and other detractors and to value Dickens without reservations (and it is clear that for Bowen there are no reservations).
George Lewes was writing a seaside study and Tenby was the place for natural historians to visit in the mid-19th Century.
But in her 30s, she met George Lewes, a hairy man, undersized and sexually voracious.
By Baker's own count, however, 722 other "Lewes items" appear in the two series of Gordon Haight's The George Eliot Letters; therefore, as Baker points out, his compilation must be regarded as a "supplement" to Haight's monumental nine volumes and to Haight's 1968 biography of Eliot, Ashton's life of Lewes, and Anna Theresa Kitchel's "early pioneering study" (1: 17), George Lewes and George Eliot: A Review of Records (Day, 1933).