Georges Méliès

(redirected from George Melies)
Georges Méliès
Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès
BirthplaceParis, France
Filmmaker, film actor, set designer, illusionist, toymaker

Méliès, Georges


Born Dec. 8, 1861, in Paris; died there Jan. 21, 1938. French actor, director, magician and theater and film entrepreneur.

Méliès was one of the founders of French and world cinema. He invented the basic techniques of modern trick photography and produced ingenious film fantasies, including A Trip to the Moon (1902), The Voyage Across the Impossible (1904), 200,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1907), and The Conquest of the Pole (1912), and screen adaptations of actual events of his time, including Sea Battle in Greece (1897) and The Coronation of Ed-ward VII (1902). Méliès made approximately 400 films. The term “Méliès tendency”in film studies refers to a vivid film production whose principal merit lies in the cinematographer’s ability to transform reality.


Sadoul, G. Vseobshchaiia istoriia kino, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1958. (Translated from French.)
Bessy, M., and J. M. Lo Duca. Georges Méliès, mage. Paris, 1945.
Sadoul, G. Georges Méliès. Paris, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2010, Kingsley starred alongside Leonardo Di Caprio in Martin Scorsese's Shutter Island and played the film-maker George Melies in Scorsese's enchanting 2011 family movie Hugo.
Se habla mas de George Melies, tambien frances, pero el creo mas los efectos especiales", argumento Fremaux.
Made by French filmmaker George Melies it was two minutes long and included a bat turning into Mehistopheles, an incarnation of the Devil.
The seminal short film by George Melies is one of the first ever sci-fi films, defining the genre and has since been restored with hand coloured cells.
Tras los ensayos de los hermanos Lumiere, en 1895, arrancaba el cine frances con las producciones de George Melies.
In "A Trip to the Moon" directed by George Melies, a group of astronomers set out to study the moon by flying there in a ship that is shot from a sort of cannon.
Hugo" follows the adventures of a boy and girl caught up in a mystery surrounding French silent film pioneer George Melies (Ben Kingsley), who stretched the boundaries of cinema with fantastical short movies in the early 1900s.
A number of the contributors--notably Katherine Mullin, Maria DiBattista, Philip Secker, Marco Camerani and Cleo Hanaway--are especially drawn to the 'Circe' episode of Ulysses, showing how much the phantasmagoria of Nighttown owes to film-makers such as the illusionist George Melies, the quick-change artist Leopoldo Fregoli, and the clown Andre Deed (known in Italy as Cretinetti).
I also saw a wonderfully restored silent film, 109-year-old, called A Trip to the Moon by George Melies and music composed by European music band, AIR.
Evoking the works of Guy Maddin and Terry Gilliam while paying tribute to the influences of Fritz Lang and George Melies, shot in black and white with the look of silent cinema and scored to a tango soundtrack, Argentinean writer-director Esteban Sapir's homage to silent noir cinema is a mesmerisingly surreal experience.
Frenchman George Melies invented special effects in the 19th century, while his countrymen the Lumiere brothers astonished early audiences with commonplace documentary footage.
63) and a consequent marginalizing of valuable films, the Hamlets of George Melies, Celestino Coronado, and Roland Kenyon among them.