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Westinghouse, George,1846–1914, American inventor and manufacturer, b. Central Bridge, N.Y. In the Civil War he served in the Union army and navy. Among his inventions in the railroad field were a reversible frog, the air brake (1868), and automatic signal devices. The Westinghouse Air Brake Company was organized in 1869 and the Union Switch and Signal Company in 1882. Westinghouse was a pioneer in introducing into the United States the high-voltage alternating current system for transmission of electricity. In 1866 the Westinghouse Electric Company was incorporated. The inventor also patented devices for the transmission of natural gas. Over 400 patents were credited to him in his lifetime.
Born Oct. 6, 1846, in Central Bridge, New York; died Mar. 12, 1914, in New York City. American inventor and industrialist.
In 1869, Westinghouse received a patent in the USA for a railroad train brake which operated by means of compressed air. The Westinghouse brake came to be widely used on the railroads of many countries after 1872, when its operation was automated. Various brakes of a similar type had been advanced even earlier, but only Westinghouse succeeded in quickly arranging for the acceptance of his inventions.