Georges Braque


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Braque, Georges

(zhôrzh bräk), 1882–1963, French painter. He joined the artists involved in developing fauvismfauvism
[Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy.
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 in 1905, and at l'Estaque c.1909 he was profoundly influenced by Cézanne. He met Picasso, and the two simultaneously explored form and structure with results that led to the development of cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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. In works such as the monumental Nude (1907–8; Cuttoli Coll., Paris) Braque exemplified the analytical phase of the movement with his keen sense of structure and orderly method of decomposing an object. In 1911 he introduced typographical letters into his canvases and soon began working in collagecollage
[Fr.,=pasting], technique in art consisting of cutting and pasting natural or manufactured materials to a painted or unpainted surface—hence, a work of art in this medium.
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. After World War I, in which he was badly wounded, Braque veered away from the angularity of early cubism and developed a more graceful, curvilinear style, predominantly painting still life. His works showed restraint and subtlety both in design and color (e.g., The Table, Pulitzer Coll., St. Louis). Braque is represented in leading galleries in Europe and the United States.

Bibliography

See his notebooks (tr. 1971); biography by A. Danchev (2005); studies by W. Hofmann (1961), E. B. Mullins (1969), and F. Ponge et al. (tr. 1971).

Braque, Georges

 

Born May 13, 1882, in Argenteuil; died Aug. 31, 1963, in Paris. French artist; studied in the fine-arts schools of Le Havre and Paris.

Beginning in 1905, Braque painted landscapes in the spirit of fauvism. Beginning in 1908 he came under the influence of P. Cézanne; this made him, along with P. Picasso, a founder of cubism. In almost monochromatic cubist compositions (Still Life of Musical Instruments, 1908; Woman With Guitar, 1913—National Museum of Modern Art, Paris), Braque strove for abstraction of form and variety of texture. He included bits of paper and wood in his paintings and added sand to them. After 1917, Braque gradually moved away from cubism and painted flat canvases of more varied color (still life’s, landscapes, and pictures with human figures), in which the line achieved an almost ornamental expressiveness and flexibility. Braque also worked as a graphic artist, sculptor, and theater artist.

REFERENCE

Hauert, R., and A. Verdet. Georges Braque. Geneva, 1956.
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The artist, Pablo Picasso, developed this unique system of breaking down objects into their basic geometric parts with French painter Georges Braque.
In addition, the Lazarof gift includes seven bronzes and one painting by Alberto Giacometti; 21 watercolors and paintings by Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky; as well as works by Alexander Archipenko, Constantin Brancusi, Georges Braque, Edgar Degas, Lyonel Feininger, Fernand Leger, Henry Moore and Camille Pissarro.
Maryam defines her style of art as modern explaining that her favourite artists are Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Paul Coyzanne.
Paris and the Avant-Garde: Modern Masters from the Guggenheim Collection (Guggenheim Museum, 1071 Fifth Avenue; 212 423-3500) celebrates this relationship with a display of 30 paintings featuring such names as Georges Braque, Marc Chagall, Pablo Picasso and Joan Mir-.
The exceptional selection includes paintings, sculptures and drawings by the most renowned French and international pioneers of modern art: Jean Bazaine, Georges Braque, Alexander Calder, Marc Chagall, Eduardo Chillida, Alberto Giacometti, Joan MirA[sup.
Picasso is best known as a leading exponent, along with artist Georges Braque, of Cubism and for his later Surrealist art.
1890; Jasper Johns's In the Studio, 1982; a late Georges Braque, Studio V, 1949-50; a Matisse from the Hermitage, Fruit, Flowers, and the Dance, 1909; and a drippy Arshile Gorky, Dark Green Painting, ca.
He saw a plaque on a house identifying it as the home of famous painter Georges Braque.
Early on, when Picasso and his "pard" Georges Braque invented Cubism together--"roped together like mountain climbers," as they put it--Braque realized that the parallel universe they were creating seemed most convincing when its nominal subjects were familiar objects, which could easily be reinvented life size within the confines of the canvas.
Seminal cubist collages by artists such as Picasso and Georges Braque enliven an entire wall in the exhibition.
I hate him in the way that Pablo Picasso hated Georges Braque.