George Marchais

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Marchais, George

 

Born June 7, 1920, in La Hoguette, Calvados Department. A leader of the French and international labor movement. The son of a worker.

Marchais worked as a lathe operator. During World War II, he spent a year doing forced labor in fascist Germany before he escaped. In 1947 he joined the French Communist Party (FCP). From 1954 to 1961 he was secretary of the FCP federation of Seine-Sud (Seine Department, Paris District). A candidate member of the Central Committee in 1956, he was elected a full member of the Central Committee and a candidate member of the Politburo of the FCP in 1959. In 1961, Marchais became a member of the Politburo and secretary of the Central Committee of the FCP. At the Nineteenth Congress of the FCP in 1970 he was elected the deputy general secretary of the party. At the Twentieth Congress of the FCP in 1972, he was elected general secretary of the party.

Marchais was active in working out the strategic and tactical decisions of the FCP adopted by the Plenum of the Central Committee at Champigny in 1968 (the manifesto ’Toward an Advanced Democracy and a Socialist France”) and subsequently by the Nineteenth through Twenty-second Congresses of the FCP. He headed the FCP delegation in negotiations with the Socialist Party for the development of a common government program of left-wing forces (1972). Since 1973, Marchais has been a deputy in the National Assembly of France.

Marchais took part in the International Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties held in Moscow in 1969. He was the leader of the FCP delegation that engaged in top-level negotiations in Moscow with a delegation of the CPSU (1971). The talks concluded with the adoption of a joint communique of the CPSU and FCP on July 3, 1971.

Marchais is the author of the book Democratic Challenge (1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Thus Gino Raymond examines the attempts by the French Communist Party, which cultivated a romanticised and rather selective version of its role in France's history, notably during the Occupation, to participate in the revival of a radical left in the form of the Front de Gauche, whose presidential election candidate of 2012, Jean-Luc Melenchon, came close to equalling the score of Georges Marchais in 1981.
D'ailleurs, il y a une belle citation qui m'a profondement marque, celle de Georges Marchais, l'ancien secretaire general du parti communiste francais, indiquant que [beaucoup moins que]le temps de vivre, c'est aussi le temps d'aimer[beaucoup plus grand que].
El 2 de marzo de 1977, Carrillo, junto con los lideres comunistas Enrico Berlinguer, del PC italiano, y Georges Marchais, del PC frances, presentaron formalmente el movimiento euroco munista, muy desligado de Moscu.
La llamada lanzada a los cristianos, tres dias mas tarde en Lyon, por el secretario del Partido comunista frances Georges Marchais asumia en este contexto, toda su plena significacion: <<hoy dia, en Francia, la accion comun de comunistas y de cristianos debe tomar una nueva dimension.
Fearing victory by the Left with the PS enjoying all the growth, the PCF leader, Georges Marchais, repudiated his party's acceptance of Common Program of the Left in the fall of 1977.
The party had further hurt itself by condoning the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and hearing its sectarian leader, Georges Marchais, continue to characterize the countries of "real existing socialism" as having a "bilan globalement positif.
Se promovio la revista El Machete (1980-1981), cuyo director Roger Bartra aposto por una iconoclastia que rebaso rapidamente las buenas intenciones de quienes apenas aspiraban a emular el nuevo catecismo de Enrico Berlinguer, Georges Marchais y Santiago Carrillo.
Georges Marchais is referred to as 'un rhinoceros'.
Denis, the remnant of the once vast "red belt" surrounding Paris, for a meeting with Robert Hue, since 1994 the successor of Georges Marchais as the first secretary of the Communist Party.
It is important to note that Hue, unlike his predecessor, Georges Marchais, knows how to smile.
It is particularly difficult to understand why the PCF leadership under Georges Marchais has made so many stupid mistakes over the last two decades.
Francois Mitterrand did much more to bring the CP down to size, and Georges Marchais, taken here symbolically for the CP leadership as a whole, incomparably more.