Georges Méliès

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Georges Méliès
Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès
BirthplaceParis, France
Filmmaker, film actor, set designer, illusionist, toymaker

Méliès, Georges


Born Dec. 8, 1861, in Paris; died there Jan. 21, 1938. French actor, director, magician and theater and film entrepreneur.

Méliès was one of the founders of French and world cinema. He invented the basic techniques of modern trick photography and produced ingenious film fantasies, including A Trip to the Moon (1902), The Voyage Across the Impossible (1904), 200,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1907), and The Conquest of the Pole (1912), and screen adaptations of actual events of his time, including Sea Battle in Greece (1897) and The Coronation of Ed-ward VII (1902). Méliès made approximately 400 films. The term “Méliès tendency”in film studies refers to a vivid film production whose principal merit lies in the cinematographer’s ability to transform reality.


Sadoul, G. Vseobshchaiia istoriia kino, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1958. (Translated from French.)
Bessy, M., and J. M. Lo Duca. Georges Méliès, mage. Paris, 1945.
Sadoul, G. Georges Méliès. Paris, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first treats short films of the silent era, with synopses of works by Georges Melies.
Hollywood has been fascinated with Cleopatra since one of the fathers of cinema, Georges Melies, featured her in a short silent film in 1899.
Pre-dating that is a clip from the first film version of Cinderella, directed by French special effects pioneer Georges Melies in 1899.
Inspired by Viennese writer Stefan Zweig, this is a cross between the inventiveness of the French cinema pioneer Georges Melies (who inspired Scorsese's Hugo), The Pink Panther and Benny Hill - hence the agreeably enduring lightness of spirit.
In 1902 French filmmaker Georges Melies made the first science fiction film Le Voyage Dans La Lune, or A Trip to the Moon.
The youth need to be told about the contributions of the Lumiere Brothers, Sir Charles Chaplin, Vsevolod Pudovkin, Sergei Eisenstein, Georges Melies, Alexander Sokurov, Ingmar Bergman, Akira Kurosawa, Federico Fellini, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Satyajit Ray, Alfred Hitchcock, Andrei Tarkovsky, Andrzej Wajda, Werner Herzog, Stanley Kubrick and other legends," he suggested.
Films have depicted life off terra firma ever since Georges Melies made A Trip to the Moon, and yet never before has so much detail, so much precision, been placed in recreating the elements involved with working in zero gravity conditions so entirely alien to us.
Over 100 years ago, Georges Melies produced the first science fiction film," says Constantinou.
Over the course of six chapters she discusses the cinematic device of "real time" film-making and its rare bringing together of diegetic time and screen time; Georges Melies and his contribution to continuity editing; the Surrealists' approach to narrative construction; the symbolic roles of angel and vampire and their relationships to the sense of a life's time; narratives of fracture, dislocation, and instability from the 1990s; and the ways in which contemporary cinema is reacting to an age of decreasing concentration of attention.
Because of their fantastic qualities and retro feel, Lutz's films have been compared to the silent films of Georges Melies, while their montage-style editing evokes Dziga Vertov and Sergey Eisenstein as well as Fernand Leger's Ballet mecanique.
He discusses Mascagrii's role in Italian silent cinema, but in the process underemphasizes the French cinema's interest in opera by citing only two one-reelers by Georges Melies.
Tasked with preserving a cache of films by Georges Melies, Frances finds herself embroiled in a real-life mystery surrounding The Dreyfus Affair, Melies's reconstruction of the infamous 1894 scandal in which Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French military, was falsely accused of spying for Germany.