Georges Rouault

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Rouault, Georges

(zhôrzh ro͞o-ō`), 1871–1958, French expressionist artist. First apprenticed to a stained-glass maker, Rouault studied after 1891 under Gustave MoreauMoreau, Gustave
, 1826–98, French painter. He was known for his pictures of the weird and mystical. The recipient of many honors, he refused to sell his paintings except to friends.
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. He exhibited several paintings with the fauves (see fauvismfauvism
[Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy.
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) in 1905. His sorrowful and bitter delineations of judges, clowns, and prostitutes caused a great stir in Paris. The suffering of Jesus was his frequent subject. His thickly encrusted, powerfully colored images, outlined heavily in black, have the effect of icons and a pattern suggestive of stained glass. About 1916, Rouault began more than a decade of work for the publisher Vollard. Using a variety of graphic techniques, he executed a series of about 60 prints called Miserere. He continued to paint the themes he had used earlier, but in a more tranquil style. Examples of his art can be found in many European and American collections. The Museum of Modern Art, New York City, owns his Three Judges and Christ Mocked by Soldiers.


See catalog by P. Courthion (1962); studies by G. Marchiori (1967), J. B. Kind (1969), J. Maritain (1969), and W. A. Dyrness (1972).

Rouault, Georges


Born May 27, 1871, in Paris; died there Feb. 13, 1958. French painter and graphic artist.

From 1885 to 1889, Rouault studied glass painting in Paris at the National School of Decorative Arts. In 1890 he enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, where he was a pupil of J. E. Delau-nay and G. Moreau. Rouault was influenced by Daumier, by Byzantine mosaics, and by Gothic stained glass. One of the founders of fauvism, he was close to expressionism. Rouault viewed 20th-century life as a sinister tragicomedy full of despair. Using greatly distorted forms (surrounded by a heavy line), contrasts of glowing and dark colors, and an impasto technique, he imbued many of his paintings—which often had a morbid character—with a mystical, symbolic, or religious meaning (for example, his fantastic landscapes and his series The Judges, The Condemned, The Clowns, The Kings, The Crucifixion, and The Passion of Christ). Rouault produced a number of etchings.


Sarab’ianov, D. “Zhorzh Ruo.” Tvorchestvo, 1968, no. 6.
Venturi, L. Rouault: Etude biographique et critique. [Geneva, 1959.]
Courthion, P. Georges Rouault. New York [1962].
References in periodicals archive ?
This principle was followed with a fair degree of success, and the corporate collection has "mini groupings" of works by Edgar Degas, Pissarro, Matisse, Raoul Dufy, Edouard Vuillard, Braque, Chaim Soutine, Leger, Georges Rouault, Giacometti, Manzu, and Moore.
Although the accent of Sara Lee's collection is distinctly French, with artists such as Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, Edgar Degas, Alfred Sisley, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Georges Braque, Fernand Leger, Henri Matisse and Georges Rouault being represented, the exhibition also includes important sculpture by Henry Moore and Alberto Giacometti and paintings by Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall and Chaim Soutine.
Included are a large number of Old Master paintings; striking contemporary works by Salvador Dali, Georges Rouault and Marino Marini; as well as one-of-a-kind pieces such as a gilded silver Jubilee clasp of Pope Pius IX, depicting God creating the world surrounded by his heavenly servants.
Douglas had a remarkable eye, and the collection now contains a number of significant names in the roll-call of 20th-century, largely British painters: Edward Burra, Elizabeth Frink, Eric Gill, Patrick Heron, William Roberts, Graham Sutherland and Georges Rouault, among others.
Her work might remind you of Jean Fautrier, for example (especially his "Otages" [Hostages], 1942-45), Georges Rouault, or Jean Dubuffet.
He was strongly influenced by Pablo Picasso's Cubist works, Georges Rouault and medieval stained-glass windows.
As he didn't own any properties but rented from the Marquis of Anglesey, his money came from the sale of his own work and from paintings which he owned by other artists, such as French painters Georges Braque and Georges Rouault, American artist James McNeill Whistler, as well as the Italian Baroque painter Domenichino.
One such artist, Georges Rouault, seems a special blessing in this time of war, widespread poverty, and the arrogant misuse of power.
Back in the 1980s Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery attempted to acquire a painting by the 20th century French artist Georges Rouault under the Government scheme which allows gifts to museums to be offset against tax liability.
Take the cases of Kathe Kollwitz (1867-1945) and Georges Rouault (1871-1958), both leading figures of the expressionist movement.
Expressionistic works by George Baselitz, Henri Matisse, Georges Rouault, Andy Warhol, Fritz Scholder, Pierre Bonnard, Wayne Thiebaud and Pablo Picasso are also viewed.