Georgian architecture

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Georgian architecture: Victorian architecture, Colonial architecture, Federal architecture, Regency architecture

Georgian architecture.

It includes several trends in English architecture that were predominant during the reigns (1714–1830) of George I, George II, George III, and George IV. The first half of the period (c.1710–c.1760) was dominated by Neo-Palladianism (see PalladioPalladio, Andrea
, 1508–80, Italian architect of the Renaissance. Originally a stonemason, he was trained as an architect in Vicenza, and later in Rome he examined the remains of Roman architecture.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Colin Campbell, with his first publication of the Vitruvius Britannicus in 1715, inspired the patron-architect Richard Boyle, earl of Burlington, and his protégé, William Kent, to return to a classicizing form of architecture, based on the works of Inigo Jones and Palladio. Campbell's Mereworth Castle, Kent (1723), is an outstanding example of this style. Another exponent of Palladian theory was Giacomo Leoni (1688–1746), who published an edition of the Architecture of A. Palladio in Four Books (c.1716–c.1720). The Palladian tradition exerted an obvious and powerful influence throughout the Georgian period both in England and America. During the first half of the 18th cent. there was a countercurrent of baroque architecture stemming from buildings by Sir Christopher Wren and carried on by Sir John Vanbrugh, Nicholas Hawksmoor, and James Gibbs. From the second half of the 18th cent. new archaeological discoveries in Greece and Italy led architects to draw freely from antiquity and other sources (see classic revivalclassic revival,
widely diffused phase of taste (known as neoclassic) which influenced architecture and the arts in Europe and the United States during the last years of the 18th and the first half of the 19th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Neoclassicism had for its principal exponents Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam, George Dance II, and Sir John Soane. A vast increase in population and the birth of industrialism brought an increasing demand for formal mansions for the aristocracy and for dwelling houses for the middle classes. A purely English type of dwelling, somewhat standardized as to plan and materials, was produced for the needs of town and country. The use of brick had become common under William of Orange (William III), as an element of Dutch influence. The red brick house, with courses and cornices of white stone and trimmings of white painted woodwork, is what is popularly termed the Georgian style. New types of public, commercial, civic, and governmental architecture arose, examples of which are Queensberry House by Giacomo Leoni; the Old Admiralty, Whitehall, by Thomas Ripley; the treasury and Horse Guards buildings, by William Kent; Somerset House, by Sir William Chambers; the Bank of England, by Sir John Soane; and monumental street groupings, such as those by John Wood and his son at Bath and by the Adam brothers in London. Among notable churches are St. Martin-in-the-Fields and St. Mary-le-Strand, both by James Gibbs; other important architects of the period were James Gandon and Henry Holland. American buildings and arts of the period, which closely resemble their English prototypes, are also usually designated as Georgian.


See J. Harris, Georgian Country Houses (1968); J. Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530–1830 (3d ed. 1958) and Georgian London (1962, repr. 1970).

Georgian architecture

A formal arrangement of parts within a symmetrical composition and enriched Classical detail characterize this style. The simple facade is often emphasized by a projecting pediment, with colossal pilasters and a Palladian window. It often includes dormers, and the entrances ornately decorated with transoms or fanlights over the doors. The style was transmitted through architectural pattern books.
References in periodicals archive ?
Norman Richardson: "This glass box is what it is and adds no architectural value at all to Grey Street's fine Georgian architecture.
1 WITH its golden-stoned Georgian architecture, Roman Baths and Royal Crescent, Bath is one of the UK's prettiest cities and the ideal setting for a weekend of relaxation and romance.
The lake rims part of the 156-acre pastoral and palatial campus with its array of Georgian architecture, statuary sunken gardens, fountains, gilded gates and fences.
Strike a balance CHARACTERISTICALLY traditional - think of balanced Georgian architecture - symmetry adds calmness, so if you're looking for ordered, tranquil and calm aesthetics, this is surely the look for you.
But I stuck it out and I found my way, and I grew to love English wit, Georgian architecture, sticky toffee pudding, and the English countryside.
Ishkhani temple, located in the territory of Turkey, is the monument of Georgian architecture and is dated back to IX-X centuries.
Following the rules of Georgian architecture, the plan of the house is symmetrical.
The most elegant Georgian architecture lies beyond the centre, with the Royal Crescent and the Circus particularly notable.
Above all I love its history, the Georgian architecture, its familiarity and its easy accessibility by foot.
Georgian architecture in the British Isles, 1714-1830, 2d ed.
call examples of Georgian architecture in Europe - and the site of that kiss, captured in the movie's posters.

Full browser ?