Georgii Nikolaevich Petrov
Petrov, Georgii Nikolaevich
Born Apr. 23 (May 5), 1899, in the village of Kupavna, in what is now Moscow Oblast; died July 6, 1977, in Moscow. Soviet specialist in the theory of electric machinery. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1964).
Petrov taught at the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School after graduating from there in 1924. In 1932 he joined the staff of the Moscow Power Engineering Institute and became a professor there in 1933. He was the institute’s deputy director from 1934 to 1939, rector from 1941 to 1943, and prorector from 1943 to 1947.
Petrov’s principal works deal with problems in electric machinery. His work on the theory of transformers was the basis for the development of new design methods. He proposed testing methods for asynchronous machines and studied the polyphase shunt-conduction motor. He also developed a method of calculating the demagnetizing effect of transverse armature reaction.
Petrov is an honorary doctor of sciences of the Budapest Polytechnic University (1955) and of the Higher Technical School in Prague (1968). He received the State Prize of the USSR in 1948 and 1952 and has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and several medals.