George Grivas

(redirected from Georgios Grivas)
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Grivas, George

(grē`väs), 1898–1974, Greek and Cypriot general, b. Cyprus. He joined the Greek army and early became an advocate of enosis (the union of Cyprus with Greece). After World War II, he played a sinister role in the antileftist repression that helped bring about the Greek Civil War. In 1954 he returned to Cyprus to head a guerrilla army (EOKA), which conducted struggle against the British in Cyprus from 1955 to 1959. He opposed the 1959 agreements establishing the independent republic of Cyprus. In Aug., 1964, after fighting broke out between Greek and Turkish Cypriots, he commanded the Cypriot national guard and headed Greek forces on the island. Grivas was forced to leave Cyprus, however, in Nov., 1967, after a number of Turkish Cypriots were killed in a battle with Grivas's national guard. In 1971, he returned secretly to the island, launching a terrorist campaign against the government of President Makarios. Shortly after his death, his movement succeeded in temporarily overthrowing Makarios, thus opening the way for a Turkish seizure of the northern third of the island (July, 1974) and its de facto partition.

Bibliography

See his Memoirs, ed. by C. Foley (1965); biography by D. Barker (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Communist AKEL has asked the education ministry to withdraw a circular listing places for schools to visit because it included the hideout of EOKA leader Georgios Grivas, a controversial figure viewed in Cyprus as a hero and villain at the same time.
Its intended target, Greek army general Georgios Grivas, had also missed the flight, and later travelled to Nicosia on the same plane as the Tornado team.
23) Notwithstanding the propagandistic intent the Grivas diaries [Part I] as such are a vital source for the understanding of the EOKA movement, in general, and the mindset of its leader Georgios Grivas, in particular.
Apart from Makarios, the Loizides brothers, and others, the record was also signed by retired lieutenant colonel Georgios Grivas.
SIX volumes of MI5 and MI6 documents on General Georgios Grivas 'Dighenis', the military leader of the four-year guerrilla struggle against British colonists and for union with Greece from 1955 to 1959, were declassified yesterday.
Around 50 bikers, under the slogan "motorcyclists don't forget," started the ride at 8 am on Friday at the Georgios Grivas memorial in Chloraka, Paphos.
Extreme right wing elements of EOKA led by anti-communist general Georgios Grivas "executed" these people, and have been accused of sometimes brutally killing them without providing evidence they were indeed traitors.
In addition to patrolling the cemetery, police officers will also be checking the site where EOKA leader Georgios Grivas Dighenis is buried in Limassol, as well as other monuments that may be targeted by vandals.
DISY's Giorgos Georgiou went a step further urging "the person who possesses the bulk of the archive belonging to (late) Georgios Grivas to hand it over.
We cannot give our signature for a project that in any way glorifies Georgios Grivas Digenis as that would be inconsistent and incompatible with our values and morals," Tsaparellas added.