Georgius Agricola

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Agricola, Georgius


(latinized from Georg Bauer). Born Mar. 24, 1494; died Nov. 21, 1555. German scholar in the field of mining and metallurgy; a doctor by education.

From 1527 to 1531, Agricola lived in the city of Jachymov, Bohemia, a major center of mining and metallurgy industries, and from 1533 on he lived in Chemnitz, Saxony. Agricola was the first to generalize on the mining and metallurgy industries. He systematized them according to stages of processing: the discovery and prospecting of deposits or sites of useful minerals, the opening and developing of the deposit or site, the dressing of the ore, and finally assaying and metallurgical processing. Agricola’s writings on mineralogy describe 20 new minerals and set forth the methods for distinguishing them by their external characteristics. Agricola was one of the first to look into the question of the effect of working conditions on the health of the workers. He studied the medicinal qualities of metals and minerals.

Agricola’s major work was De re metallica, which was completed in 1550 and first published in Latin in 1556.


De natura corum qual effluunt ex terra. Venice, 1553.
De peste. Basel, 1554.
In Russian translation:
O gornom dele i metallurgii. Moscow, 1962.


Shukhardin, S. V. Georgii Agrikola. Moscow, 1955. (Contains a list of Agricola’s works and of literature about him.)
Georgius Agricola, 1494–1555. Berlin, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
I strongly advise you to read the writings of Georgius Agricola [14941555] on the origins and causes of all that lies underground, and on mining metals.
Agency : ThE-ringen-Kliniken Georgius Agricola GmbH
A first edition of De Re Metallica by Georgius Agricola will be displayed at the museum, at Overton, between Huddersfield and Wakefield.
A FIRST edition copy of the 450-year-old mining manual De Re Metallica by Georgius Agricola is part of a new exhibition at the National Coal Mining Museum.
At that time the Germans were considered the finest miners and were at the cutting edge of technology thanks to the techniques catalogued by Georgius Agricola, the so-called 'Father of Mining'.
Georgius Agricola, in his De Re Metallica (1556), describes such a wheelbarrow, calling it a 'cistum.
As early as the 15th century, Leonardo da Vinci and Georgius Agricola advanced scientific ideas, which were rather close to present understandings.
Examples include Georgius Agricola (1494-1555), author of De re metallica, and William Gilbert (1540-1603), author of De magnete.