Adams, Gerry

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Adams, Gerry

(Gerard Adams), 1948–, Northern Irish political leader. Born into an Irish nationalist family, Adams became politically active during the Catholic civil rights demonstrations of the 1960s, joining Sinn FéinSinn Féin
[Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement.
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 and most probably (despite Adams's denials) the Irish Republican Army (IRA). He spent most of years between 1972 and 1983 interned as a suspected IRA member; at the same time he became vice president (1979–83) and president (1983–) of Sinn Féin and was regarded as increasingly influential in the IRA. In 1984 he survived an assassination attempt by Protestant extremists.

In the late 1980s, Adams was prominent among those Irish republicans who begin to abandon violence in favor of political power, a process that resulted in 1994–6 to an 18-month IRA cease-fire. In 1998 Adams and Sinn Féin participated in peace negotiations that subsequently brought about (albeit with difficulty) the reestablishment of Northern Irish home rule and the disarming of the IRA. The peace process also transformed the once-outlawed Sinn Féin into the largest Northern Irish Catholic political party and a participant in Northern Ireland's government. Adams was elected to the Northern Irish assembly (1998–2010) and to the British parliament (1983–92, 1997–2011), but he refused to pledge allegiance to the British monarch and take his seat in the latter body. In 2011 he was elected to the Irish Republic's parliament. He is also a prolific writer on Irish politics and history.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (1982, 2001, and 2003); biography by C. Keena (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
We are still exploring all avenues to see who is available and then we will make a decision," says Gerard Adams (pictured).
Contact: Gerard Adams, 1-888-99-NIA US (1-888-996-4287), editor@inflation.
Cardiff: (09:45) Stuart MacRae (Unassisted), (10:21) Scott Matzka (Brad Voth, Max Birbraer), (25:51) Jon Pelle (Scott Matzka, Craig Weller), (36:55) Brad Voth (Tylor Michel, Jon Pelle) PPG, (45:27) Tylor Michel (Stuart MacRae), (51:30) Ryan Finnerty (Stuart MacRae) PPG, (53:02) Gerard Adams (Scott Matzka, Max Birbraer) PPG.
That was cancelled out by an unassisted Gerard Adams strike three minutes later.
Mike Prpich, Jason Silverthorn, Gerard Adams, Brad Voth and Matt Elich scored for Cardiff against Hull on Humberside, while Elich, Prpich and Voth netted in last night's win against Panthers.
Krajicek was sitting out a hooking penalty when the Devils capitalised on their advantage, Gerard Adams taking the puck around Koenig before scoring.
The Adams clan have been referred to as the aristocrats of Belfast republicanism with Gerard Adams respected as a stalwart in his community.
With Jason Bown ejected from the game for a rash challenge on Gerard Adams early in the second period, the Giants were already under the cosh but Ruff deservedly equalised 10 seconds after his side went behind.
ICE HOCKEY: Findus League outfit Edinburgh Capitals have lost Canadian Gerard Adams to Sekonda Superleague cracks London Knights.
Gerard Adams, CEO of Integrated Communications Group (ICG), a PCS carrier in Pasadena, California, agrees.
from the University of Pennsylvania, where he did research with Gerard Adams and Nobel Laureate Lawrence Klein; and a B.
Captain Stuart MacRae and are ready for the challenge in their only match of this weekend and player-coach Gerard Adams says: "Every team in Elite League can be beaten.