Gerard Manley Hopkins


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Hopkins, Gerard Manley,

1844–89, English poet, educated at Oxford. Entering the Roman Catholic Church in 1866 and the Jesuit novitiate in 1868, he was ordained in 1877. Upon becoming a Jesuit he burned much of his early verse and abandoned the writing of poetry. However, the sinking in 1875 of a German ship carrying five Franciscan nuns, exiles from Germany, inspired him to write one of his most impressive poems "The Wreck of the Deutschland." Thereafter he produced his best poetry, including "God's Grandeur," "The Windhover," "The Leaden Echo," and "The Golden Echo." Since Hopkins never gave permission for the publication of his verse, his Poems, edited by his friend Robert Bridges, did not appear in print until 1918. His life was continually troubled by inner conflict, which arose, not from religious skepticism, but from an inability to give himself completely to his God. Both his poems and his letters often reflect an intense dissatisfaction with himself as a poet and as a servant of God. Though he produced a small body of work, he ranks high among English poets, and his work profoundly influenced 20th-century poetry. His verse is noted for its piercing intensity of language and its experiments in prosody. Of these experiments the most famous is "sprung rhythm," a meter in which Hopkins tried to approximate the rhythm of everyday speech.

Bibliography

See his journals and papers (ed. by H. House and completed by G. Storey, 1959); his letters (ed. by C. C. Abbott, 1955–56); biographies by J. Pick (2d ed 1966), E. Ruggles (1944, repr. 1969), R. B. Martin (1991), N. White (1995), and P. Mariani (2008); studies by W. H. Gardner (2 vol., 2d ed. 1948), A. Heuser (1958, repr. 1969), B. Kelly (1935, repr. 1972), M. Sprinker (1980), A. G. Sulloway (1982), T. Zaniello (1987), and N. White (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
Instancing this is the review of Norman Mackenzie's handbook, A Reader's Guide to Gerard Manley Hopkins (1981).
The Youth of Gerard Manley Hopkins 1844-1868" is a valuable addition to the canon of Hopkins criticism.
23) Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Later Poetic Manuscripts of Gerard Manley Hopkins, ed.
Finn Cotter, Inscape: The Christology and Poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins (Pittsburgh: Univ.
But there were innovators, like Gerard Manley Hopkins, who enhanced this potential by combining objective perception with linguistic inventiveness.
20) Hopkins' inscaping of language has much in common with Victorian philological research at his time (Cary Plotkin, The Tenth Muse: Victorian Philology and the Genesis of the Poetic Language of Gerard Manley Hopkins [Carbondale: Southern Illinois Univ.
FATHER Gerard Manley Hopkins died in 1889, a youngish man only forty-five years old.
Eliot, Collected Poems (Scribner) by William Butler Yeats, and another Collected Poems (Oxford University Press) by Gerard Manley Hopkins further reflect how religion and spirituality are powerfully and best articulated through artistic expression.
One of the most expansive and astute recent explorations of a topic is Emily Taylor Merriman's "'Words, Those Precious Cusps of Meaning': Augustine's Influence on the Thought and Poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins, S.
All of these scriptural considerations, he asserted, must have been the inspiration of the great Jesuit poet Gerard Manley Hopkins when he wrote of the Just One, who "Acts in God's eye what in God's eye he is --/Christ.
He is currently the Gerard Manley Hopkins Professor in the Arts and Humanities at Santa Clara University in California.