Gerard Manley Hopkins


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Hopkins, Gerard Manley,

1844–89, English poet, educated at Oxford. Entering the Roman Catholic Church in 1866 and the Jesuit novitiate in 1868, he was ordained in 1877. Upon becoming a Jesuit he burned much of his early verse and abandoned the writing of poetry. However, the sinking in 1875 of a German ship carrying five Franciscan nuns, exiles from Germany, inspired him to write one of his most impressive poems "The Wreck of the Deutschland." Thereafter he produced his best poetry, including "God's Grandeur," "The Windhover," "The Leaden Echo," and "The Golden Echo." Since Hopkins never gave permission for the publication of his verse, his Poems, edited by his friend Robert Bridges, did not appear in print until 1918. His life was continually troubled by inner conflict, which arose, not from religious skepticism, but from an inability to give himself completely to his God. Both his poems and his letters often reflect an intense dissatisfaction with himself as a poet and as a servant of God. Though he produced a small body of work, he ranks high among English poets, and his work profoundly influenced 20th-century poetry. His verse is noted for its piercing intensity of language and its experiments in prosody. Of these experiments the most famous is "sprung rhythm," a meter in which Hopkins tried to approximate the rhythm of everyday speech.

Bibliography

See his journals and papers (ed. by H. House and completed by G. Storey, 1959); his letters (ed. by C. C. Abbott, 1955–56); biographies by J. Pick (2d ed 1966), E. Ruggles (1944, repr. 1969), R. B. Martin (1991), N. White (1995), and P. Mariani (2008); studies by W. H. Gardner (2 vol., 2d ed. 1948), A. Heuser (1958, repr. 1969), B. Kelly (1935, repr. 1972), M. Sprinker (1980), A. G. Sulloway (1982), T. Zaniello (1987), and N. White (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
19) References to Hopkins's poetry are drawn from The Poetical Works of Gerard Manley Hopkins, ed.
The Gerard Manley Hopkins Society Ltd, Ireland, Website: Archives 2004.
This is a study of the religious thought and experience expressed in the poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins.
One of Marcus Clarke's early poems 'The Lady of Lynn' was a Gothic romance that was illustrated by his friend Gerard Manley Hopkins.
When I was in graduate school at Boston University, I had the privilege of studying Gerard Manley Hopkins with the eminent English poet Geoffrey Hill.
On a personal point, I'm still disillusioned by the knowledge that the Jesuit poet, Gerard Manley Hopkins, who could write sublime lines like "Glory to God for dappled things, for skies of couple colour as a brinded cow, For Rose-Moles all in stipple upon trout that swim", was a martyr to his haemorrhoids.
Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-89), now recognized as a major Victorian poet, was an Oxford undergraduate (1863-67), Jesuit (1868-89), priest (1877-89), and (from 1875) poetic innovator in form (the sonnet), sound (e.
A Queer Chivalry: The Homoerotic Asceticism of Gerard Manley Hopkins.
The subject matter here covers a wide range, from words (the poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins, Leo Tolstoy's Master and Man), to film (Babette's Feast), to martyrs (the six Jesuit priests murdered in El Salvador in 1989), to theological matters (stigmata).
Gerard Manley Hopkins pertenece a esa estirpe de poetas que florecen en el secreto y fecundan la poesia desde dentro.
His poem, which appears in the Irish Hospice Foundation's "Whoseday" book for the Millennium, has been compared to the work of Irish literary greats including James Joyce and Jesuit Gerard Manley Hopkins.