Gerhard Ritter

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Ritter, Gerhard


Born Apr. 6, 1888, in Bad Sooden-Allendorf; died July 1, 1967, in Freiburg. German historian (Federal Republic of Germany). Professor at the universities of Hamburg (1924–25) and Freiburg (1925–56).

Ritter wrote many works on the different periods of German history and on the methodology of history. Because of his idealist conception of the historical process, he regarded “strong personalities” as the motive force of history. Among Germans, he viewed Frederick the Great, O. von Bismarck, M. Luther, and K. Stein as strong personalities and devoted a number of his studies to them. In his works, Ritter denied that militarism played a pernicious role in German history and argued that the German generals and civil service were not implicated in fascism.


Machtstaat und Utopie. Munich-Berlin, 1940. (Fifth edition under the title Dämonie der Macht. Stuttgart, 1947.)
Europa und die deutsche Frage. Munich, 1948.
Carl Goerdeler und die deutsche Widerstandsbewegung. Stuttgart, 1955.
Staatskunst und Kriegshandwerk, vols. 1–4. Munich, 1954-68.


Berthold, W. “… Golodat’ i povinovat’sia”: Istoriografiia na sluzhbe germanskogo imperializma. Moscow, 1964. (Translated from German.)
Lunev, I. I. “Istoricheskie kontseptsii G. Rittera na sluzhbe germanskogo revanshizma.” Voenno-istoricheskii zhurnal, 1960, no. 12.
References in periodicals archive ?
For the ninety-two letters he edits (sixty-five between Cantimori and Bainton, twenty-seven more between one of the principals and others) bring us into contact not only with Cantimori's and Bainton's work on Italian and northern Protestantism, but also with a range of twentieth-century figures, from leading Italian Fascists such as Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile to scholars who were already then or who would in the future become prominent: Frederic Corss Cross, Elisabeth Feist Hirsch, Hajo Holborn, Hubert Jedin, Werner Kaegi, Walther Koehler, Stanislaw Kot, Gerhard Ritter, Earl Morse Wilbur, and, most especially, Paul Oskar Kristeller.
The company landed its first container in December of 1992, and Gerhard Ritter, Bavaria House vice president, says the beer sold out quickly.
I was cordially received, and he immediately agreed to sponsor my work for the Habilitation, and he was joined by Edvard Fraenkel, Gerhard Ritter, and Wolfgang Schadewald.