German Catholics

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German Catholics,

religious groups founded in 1844 by dissidents from the Roman Catholic Church. They were led by two excommunicated priests, Johann Czerski of Schneidemühl, Posen, and Johann Ronge of Breslau. The church, organized by a council in Leipzig in 1845 under the name of Deutsche-katholische Kirche, was attractive to Roman Catholics because it retained the traditional practices of baptism and communion. In keeping with the rationalism and nationalism of the period, it rejected papal primacy, celibacy, indulgences, devotion to saints, veneration of relics, and all but the above-mentioned sacraments. Following an early period of growth, with several hundred congregations consisting of some 80,000 members, a slow decline set in. Roman Catholics who had sought reform became disillusioned following the merger with the Protestant Free Congregations in 1850, and the later merger of many of these churches with the Friends of Light, an anti-Christian sect. Greatly reduced in membership, several German Catholic churches survived into the 20th cent.
References in periodicals archive ?
A deal with the new German state would demonstrate the patriotism of German Catholicism.
The East German State and the Catholic Church analyzes Church-state relations from the founding of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) until its collapse, a topic that suffers neglect in comparison to the voluminous academic literature about western German Catholicism.
The meeting with the president was itself symbolic of some of tensions facing German Catholicism.
7) And the nationalist historian Heinrich yon Treitschke (1834-1896) regarded the Franco-Prussian War as a final victory for German Protestantism over German Catholicism.
This fine edition, which makes all of Columba's visionary reports accessible, both in the original transcription of the texts and in modern translation, contributes to a better understanding of 18th-century German Catholicism and modern Catholic mysticism.
Thus he is seen as part of the "conservative camp" within the church, and those within German Catholicism who want to see a structural reform of the church and want to see a more open theology have not felt represented by him and have frequently criticized him.
Wistrich observes that Cardinal Bertram of Breslau, ranking prelate in German Catholicism throughout the period of the Third Reich, condemned Nazism in print in 1931, but after Hitler rose to power his objections became "increasingly timid and inaudible.
For Brahms and Bruckner Rosenzweig has more sympathy than do I, but especially poignant is his vision of German music torn between the North German Protestant style of the former and the South German Catholicism of the latter, out of which emerges, unexpectedly, "Gustav Mahler, the Jewish ecstatic, true inheritor of an ideal emerging first in the ninth symphony of Beethoven.
It would be inaccurate to imply that German Catholicism is dominated by a revolutionary avant-garde--with no better reminder of the point than Benedict himself.
Enlightenment and the Creation of German Catholicism.
gives a nod to some of these disputes, but his aim is more modest: to show how 18th-century Catholic reformers, especially in the field of canon law, advanced the cause of the Church by imagining a more modern and Febronian German Catholicism that would meet the spiritual needs of bourgeois Catholics (9).