German Catholics

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German Catholics,

religious groups founded in 1844 by dissidents from the Roman Catholic Church. They were led by two excommunicated priests, Johann Czerski of Schneidemühl, Posen, and Johann Ronge of Breslau. The church, organized by a council in Leipzig in 1845 under the name of Deutsche-katholische Kirche, was attractive to Roman Catholics because it retained the traditional practices of baptism and communion. In keeping with the rationalism and nationalism of the period, it rejected papal primacy, celibacy, indulgences, devotion to saints, veneration of relics, and all but the above-mentioned sacraments. Following an early period of growth, with several hundred congregations consisting of some 80,000 members, a slow decline set in. Roman Catholics who had sought reform became disillusioned following the merger with the Protestant Free Congregations in 1850, and the later merger of many of these churches with the Friends of Light, an anti-Christian sect. Greatly reduced in membership, several German Catholic churches survived into the 20th cent.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bain describes how the Thirty Years' War (1618-48) was disruptive to the practice of German Catholicism and resulted in "a collective loss of association with the Latin liturgy and plainchant" in German churches, which tended to use the German vernacular and drew on the German hymn tradition (p.
A deal with the new German state would demonstrate the patriotism of German Catholicism.
The East German State and the Catholic Church analyzes Church-state relations from the founding of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) until its collapse, a topic that suffers neglect in comparison to the voluminous academic literature about western German Catholicism.
The meeting with the president was itself symbolic of some of tensions facing German Catholicism.
7) And the nationalist historian Heinrich yon Treitschke (1834-1896) regarded the Franco-Prussian War as a final victory for German Protestantism over German Catholicism.
This fine edition, which makes all of Columba's visionary reports accessible, both in the original transcription of the texts and in modern translation, contributes to a better understanding of 18th-century German Catholicism and modern Catholic mysticism.
Olaf Blaschke takes up this question by considering the tensions between German Catholicism and Judaism in the period of the Kulturkampfe.
This study's concentration on the period 1924-46 extends the critical perspective towards a more nuanced assessment of her work that pays appropriate attention to the literary, theological, and socio-cultural context of German Catholicism in the Weimar Republic and Third Reich.
Thus he is seen as part of the "conservative camp" within the church, and those within German Catholicism who want to see a structural reform of the church and want to see a more open theology have not felt represented by him and have frequently criticized him.
Bishop von Galen: German Catholicism and National Socialism.
Wistrich observes that Cardinal Bertram of Breslau, ranking prelate in German Catholicism throughout the period of the Third Reich, condemned Nazism in print in 1931, but after Hitler rose to power his objections became "increasingly timid and inaudible.