German Catholics


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German Catholics,

religious groups founded in 1844 by dissidents from the Roman Catholic Church. They were led by two excommunicated priests, Johann Czerski of Schneidemühl, Posen, and Johann Ronge of Breslau. The church, organized by a council in Leipzig in 1845 under the name of Deutsche-katholische Kirche, was attractive to Roman Catholics because it retained the traditional practices of baptism and communion. In keeping with the rationalism and nationalism of the period, it rejected papal primacy, celibacy, indulgences, devotion to saints, veneration of relics, and all but the above-mentioned sacraments. Following an early period of growth, with several hundred congregations consisting of some 80,000 members, a slow decline set in. Roman Catholics who had sought reform became disillusioned following the merger with the Protestant Free Congregations in 1850, and the later merger of many of these churches with the Friends of Light, an anti-Christian sect. Greatly reduced in membership, several German Catholic churches survived into the 20th cent.
References in periodicals archive ?
At that time, Irish and German Catholics dominated the Detroit political scene, so Poles gravitated to Hamtramck.
Many German Catholics consider the present practice unmerciful and want divorced and remarried people to be allowed to receive the Eucharist--although "possibly only after examining each case individually"
Significantly, the book makes vividly clear the intensity of the hatred that had been directed toward German Catholics.
The meeting with Irish, British and German Catholics was designed to acknowledge the gravity of the Church's guilt and complicity.
It belongs to the self-understanding of the Church to help people who fail in different situations; the expectations, impatience and anger are great" among German Catholics.
The head of Germany's main lay Catholic group, the Central Committee of German Catholics, Alois Glueck, said that Pope Francis's decision offers the chance of a first step toward a new beginning in the Limburg diocese, because the situation has become an increasing burden for the faithful there, and in all of Germany, over recent weeks.
Bishop Franz–Peter Tebartz–van Elst of Limburg sparked anger among German Catholics and media over the huge cost of his residence.
Many German Catholics found it difficult to wholeheartedly embrace the incarnation of the German nation created by Otto von Bismarck.
They also understood that many German Catholics viewed themselves as a persecuted minority ever since Bismarck's Kulturkampf in the 1870s.
Generally, Benette tends to overlook the social conditions and the socioreligious convictions of the German Catholics.
Contract award: planning and coordinating the preparation, implementation and management of the 99 german catholics tags regensburg 2014 (28.
Largely due to that scandal, more than 181,000 German Catholics left the church in 2010, followed by more than 126,000 the following year, taking the total number of German Catholics to 24.