German East Africa


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German East Africa,

former German colony, c.370,000 sq mi (958,300 sq km), E Africa. Dar es Salaam was the capital. German influence emerged in the area in 1884 when Carl Peters, the German explorer, obtained treaties over parts of the territory. The German government declared a protectorate over the area in 1885 and the German East Africa Company was organized to administer it. In 1888, the sultan of Zanzibar relinquished the coastal areas, but German control was hindered by the Abushiri revolt (1888–90). In Jan., 1891, the German government took over the administration of the colony and by 1898 had conquered all of the territory. Plantations were established and railroad and harbor systems were begun. Discontentment with the administration and with the plantation system, however, led to the widespread Maji Maji rebellion (1905–7). After the rebellion, the colony entered a period of reform and economic expansion. During World War I the Allies captured German East Africa; after the war it was divided into League of Nations mandates. Great Britain was given most of the area, renamed Tanganyika (now TanzaniaTanzania
, officially United Republic of Tanzania, republic (2012 pop. 44,928,923), 364,898 sq mi (945,087 sq km), E Africa, formed in 1964 by the union of the republics of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
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), while Belgium received Ruanda-Urundi (now RwandaRwanda
, officially Republic of Rwanda, republic (2005 est. pop. 8,441,000), 10,169 sq mi (26,338 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west, on Uganda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, and on Burundi in the south.
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 and BurundiBurundi
, officially Republic of Burundi, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,371,000), 10,747 sq mi (27,834 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Rwanda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, on Lake Tanganyika in the southwest, and on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west.
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), and Kionga, a village, was ceded to Portugal.

Bibliography

See V. T. Harlow and E. M. Chilver, ed., History of East Africa, Vol. II (1965); J. Bridgman and D. E. Clarke, German Africa: A Selected Annotated Bibliography (1965).

German East Africa

 

a former German colony in East Africa (this name came into being in 1891). It included the territories of what are now Burundi, Rwanda, and most of Tanzania (Tanganyika). The native population of German East Africa was subjected to harsh exploitation. The despotic rule of the colonizers provoked numerous revolts, for example, the uprising headed by Abushiri in 1888-89, the revolt of the Haya and Chagga peoples, which began in 1891 and lasted about six years, and the Maji Maji revolt of 1905-07.

During World War I there was fighting on the territory of German East Africa. Under the Versailles Treaty of 1919 the major part of German East Africa—Tanganyika—was placed under the mandate of Great Britain, the territories of Burundi and Rwanda came under Belgian mandate, acquiring the name Ruanda-Urundi, and a small territory, the so-called Kionga Triangle, was made part of the Portuguese colony of Mozambique.

German East Africa

a former German territory in E Africa, consisting of Tanganyika and Ruanda-Urundi: divided in 1919 between Great Britain and Belgium; now in Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi
References in periodicals archive ?
In chapter two she describes the training process that transformed recruits from vastly different regions--the Egyptian Sudan all the way to the central steppe and Great Lakes region of German East Africa and Belgian Congo--into Schutztruppe askari.
Begun in 1898, the 580-mile railway was intended to connect the port of Mombasa, Kenya, and Port Florence (Kisumu) on Lake Victoria, Uganda, to enable settlers to reach the interior of British East Africa and to ship farm products to the coast as well as to serve military purposes, if necessary, against German East Africa to the south.
The Nurnberg reached German East Africa where she was trapped and sunk by a British squadron.
Chapters III, IV, and V examine the development of European medical practices in German East Africa, French Equatorial Africa, and British Uganda.
Despite resistance from the local Zaramo population as well as Arab settlers, the German East Africa Company strengthened its grip and the German government finally took control in 1891.
Otto von Bismarck's Germany, having agreed to the ceding of the vast Congo territory to King Leopold as his personal property, got in return South West Africa (today's Namibia), German East Africa, comprising Tanganyika, Ruanda and Urundi (today's Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi), Cameroon and Togo.
Other papers discuss serial colonialism and genocide in 19th century Cambodia, genocide in Tasmania, settler imperialism and genocide in 19th century America and Australia, colonial genocide in German Southwest Africa and German East Africa, inter-imperial conflict and the Armenian genocide, genocidal impulses in Imperial Russia, and colonialism and genocide in Nazi-occupied Poland and Ukraine.
Afterwards several battalions were sent to German East Africa to assist in the campaign against Col.
Rwanda was once a part of German East Africa, but subsequently became a Belgian colony after World War I.
When the war began, British forces captured many German colonies around the world fairly easily, but German East Africa proved a far harder proposition.
Emancipation without abolition in German East Africa, c.
Thus it was that from 1867 through 1918, Punjabi, Bengali, and Baluchi soldiers saw service in Abyssinia, Burma, China, France, German East Africa, Iraq, Malaya.

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