German National People's Party


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German National People’s Party

 

(Deutschna-tionale Volkspartei), a political party in Germany representing the interests of the German monopolies and Junkers (Prussian landed nobility); it existed from 1918 to 1933.

The German National People’s Party was founded out of the German Conservative Party (Deutschkonservative Partei) and several other political groups. It demanded restoration of the monarchy, opposed parliamentary government, preached extreme chauvinism and anti-Semitism, and called for ruthless suppression of the revolutionary movement. The party joined the government from 1925 to 1928, which signified a general strengthening of reaction in Germany. Among the leaders of the party were O. Hergt and K. Westarp, and, from 1928, A. Hugenberg.

A coalition that was formed in January 1933 between the German National People’s Party and Hitler’s National Socialist Party helped establish the fascist dictatorship in Germany. However, as early as June 1933 the fascists forced the German National People’s Party to disband.

REFERENCES

Liebe, W. Die Deutschnationale Volkspartei 1918–1924. Düsseldorf, 1956.
Dörr, M. Die Deutschnationale Volkspartei 1925 bis 1928. Marburg, 1964.
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Grim demonstrates that Franz Seldte's lack of emphasis on anti-Semitism helped Theodor Duesterberg outmaneuver him in their struggle for leadership of the Stahlhelm and lost the organization a significant number of voters to the German National People's Party (DNVP).
Half of the studies deal with the history of the German National People's Party (Deutschnationale Volkspartei, DNVP) and that of the Pan-German League (Alldeutscher Verband, ADV); other essays focus on the German combat leagues, the Catholic right, Reich President von Hindenburg, jurist and political theorist Carl Schmitt, and the Protestant theologian Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, director of the Bethel Institutions.
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He saw his party as providing, like the Catholic Centre Party, an essential element of balance between the Conservatives, re-grouped as the German National People's Party (DNVP) on the right, and the Socialists on the left.
The German National People's Party and the other right-wing parties favored an authoritarian regime.
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