Evangelical and Reformed Church

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Evangelical and Reformed Church,

Protestant denomination formed by the merger (1934) of the Reformed Church in the United States and the Evangelical Synod of North America. Both of these bodies had originated in the Reformation in Europe. Their churches in America were established by immigrants from Germany and Switzerland. The Reformed Church in the United States, long known as the German Reformed Church, organized its first synod in 1747 and adopted a constitution in 1793. The Evangelical Synod of North America (not to be confused with the Evangelical Church, which merged in 1946 with the United Brethren in Christ to form the Evangelical United Brethren Church) was founded in 1840 at Gravois Settlement, Mo., by a union of Reformed and Lutheran Christians. In its early years it was known as the German Evangelical Church Association of the West. The Evangelical and Reformed Church is presbyterian in organization, and its creed is the Heidelberg and Luther's catechisms and the Augsburg Confession; great latitude in interpretation is allowed, however, with greater emphasis leaning toward deed rather than creed. The church maintains educational institutions and foreign missions. In 1957 the Evangelical and Reformed Church united with the Congregational Christian Churches to form the United Church of ChristUnited Church of Christ,
American Protestant denomination formed in 1957 by a merger of the General Council of Congregational Christian Churches (see Congregationalism) and the Evangelical and Reformed Church.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Like contemporary English Puritans, seventeenth-century German Reformed parents expected their children to read the canonical Bible.
Heidelberg College, founded in 1850, was chartered in Tiffin, Ohio, under German Reformed auspices.
Local factions in Lutheran, German Reformed, and Presbyterian congregations frequently sued one another for legal title to meetinghouses and schools, locked each other's ministers out, and provoked riotous disorder.
Mawhinney said, "granting an annuity to Michael Ley, a blacksmith, for the, German Reformed Church in Lunenburg soon after the town was settled.
But Niebuhr grew up and served in a denomination (the Evangelical Synod of North America, which later merged with the German Reformed Church to form the Evangelical and Reformed Church) which brought together both Lutheran and Reformed traditions.
Hart traces this form of Protestantism in groups such as Lutherans, Scottish Presbyterians, the German Reformed Church, and the Christian Reformed Church.